The Gift Of Life

The Gift of Life is given

God-The Creator of Life-Sistine Chapel

"It is the creator of the universe who shapes each man's beginning" 2 Maccabees (7:22-23)

The Gift Of Life is an informational website designed as a defense of life by presenting the truth, with a respect for life from the moment of conception until its end at a natural death. Information is presented to help clarify and address the issues that have resulted in premature deaths in the areas accessed by the menu on the left of each page. The author is a family physician who has been involved for 40 years in health care; from preconception counseling, labor and delivery of women and care of their children, innumerable illnesses involving all ages and including end of life care. This site is dedicated to the pre-born, the weak, the elderly, the vulnerable infirmed, the unwanted, the unloved, the dying and especially those who have had their lives ended prematurely by others.

     The website is constructed with pages of general information on respect for life issues and from those pages link (link) to pages of more specific information and also hyperlink to websites (www) concerning those issues. The Menu buttons change for the Reference Pages to access those articles and there are subheadings on some pages that take you to that part of the page or open a new page to present that information. A quick dictionary type definiton [Dict] for some terms is available by mouse click. At the bottom of the page is a bookmark section. When book-marked links [1] are clicked on in the presented page, that footnoted reference appears in the footnote box below, most often with a (www) link to view the original article or its abstract. Use the browser's BACK button to return to your place on the previous page(s). Pages can be printed and are formatted to exclude the menu buttons, pictures, and the bibliography (it can be printed from its specific page). My time for responses to E-mails is limited, but most will be answered and all constructive comments will be considered.

     All information presented on this website was written or collected by me with the intention of presenting the truth in the areas discussed. Gathered information is used in light of the fair use law (www) (link) without a commercial interest. Personal, not commercial, use of the enclosed information is allowed within fair use law limits. The author of this website disclaims any responsibility for the use of material from sources other than that written by this author. All material marked 'Copyright©' should be respected and given credit as such. Feel free to non-commercially use and distribute any written material which is marked 'Copyright©2013' at the bottom of specific pages. Hyperlinks to websites are checked periodically but cannot be guaranteed as these can change daily. Hyperlinks are presented as informational resources only, without any connection from this site to any commercial interests at other sites.

David M. Ramsey, III MD
E-mail: The (remove space between The and Gift in the E-mail address)
(this E-mail format is used to inhibit spammers)


ag1.      “Planned Parenthood Commits more abortions than ever before”, March 12, 2002, (www).
ag2.      “A look at abortion’s history”,(www).
ag3.     "Mandatory Abortion Training for Residents", AAPLOG-Prolife OB/GYNS, (www).
ag4.     "Medical Holocausts: Exterminative Medicine in Nazi Germany and Contemporary America", William Brennan, 1980, pp. 331-32, (www).
ag5.     "Catholic Position on Abortion", Wednesday, October 12, 2005, ALL, (www) .
ag6.     "Big rise in Italian doctors refusing to perform abortions: ministry", Breitbart, Catholic Answers, (www).
ag7.      “Abortion Cases in the United States Supreme Court", (www).
ag8.     “Project Wittenberg-Abortion in Perspective”, Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod., Part1/Part2/Part3/Part4,(wwwPart1), (wwwPart2), (wwwPart3), (wwwPart4)
ag9.     "Ultrasound technology and laws credited for pro-life shift", Washington D.C., May 20, 2009,, (www).
ag10.   “The Questions Most People Ask About Abortion”, Green, Melody, The Last Days Magazine, Americans Against Abortion, Box 70, Lindale TX., 75771-0070, (www).
ag11.    Aborting America, Nathanson, MD, Bernard, NY, Doubleday, 1979, p.193,(www).
ag12.    "Speaking to Children about Abortion", Father Frank Pavone, pamphlet,(www).
ag13.    “Dishonesty about abortion”, Letters, Family Practice News, Oct 1, 1997, p.20.
ag14.    "CONFESSION OF AN EX-ABORTIONIST", Dr. Bernard Nathanson, (www).
ag15.    Lime 5-Exploited by Choice, Crutcher, Mark, Life Dynamics, Inc., P.O. Box 2226, Denton, Texas, 76202, 1996, (www).
ag16.   "Scientists Find Promising Therapies for Fragile X and Down Syndromes", Bridget M. Kuehn, JAMA. 2011;305(4):344-346, (www).
ag17.   “The other side of Choice”, Brennan, Phil, Wed., May 29, 2002, search (www).
ag18.   "Neb. abortion restrictions based on fetal pain", Margery Beck, Associated Press, (www).
ag19.   "Fetal Pain?", K.J. S. Anand, 6/2006, (www).
ag20.   "Abortion Fetal Pain Study Authored by Abortion Rights Activists",, Aug 25, 2005, (www).
ag21.   "Cortical Pain Responses in Human Infants", Maria Fitzgerald,Et.Al., The Journal of Neuroscience, 26(14): 3662-3666; doi: 10.1523/​JNEUROSCI.0348-06.2006, (www).
ag22.   "Gullible treatment of trumped up 'study' on fetal pain issue should embarrass JAMA and some journalists", Jill Stanek, National Right To Life, August 25, 2005, (www).
ag23.   "Planned Parenthood Abortion Facilities Target African American Communities", Susan W. Enouen,P.E., Life Issues Institute, The Connector, Oct. 2005, pp.1,3,(www).
ag24.   "Black pro-life leader says abortion ratios point to racism", Day Gardner, president of the National Black Pro-Life Union, Feb 7, 2007, (www).
ag25.   "Abortion Kills More Black Americans Than the Seven Leading Causes of Death Combined, Says CDC Data", Dr. Freda Bush, repirted by Karen Schuberg, 11/23/2009, (www).
ag26.   "One Quarter of Black Population Missing from Abortion Genocide Says Dr. Alveda King", Hilary White, Lifesitenews, 8/24/2007, (www).
ag27.   "ABORTION AND SLAVERY HISTORY REPEATS", By J.C. Willke, MD, July 2007, Life Issues Institute, (www) .
ag28.   "Fifty babies a year are alive after abortion", Lois Rogershttp, The Sunday Times November 27, 2005,repported by, (www).
ag29.   "When Doctors Want to Kill Handicapped Newborns", Zent Interview With Neonatologist Carlo Bellieni, 11/14/2006, (www).
ag30.   "After-birth abortion: why should the baby live?", Alberto Giubilini1, Francesca Minerva, J Med Ethics doi:10.1136/medethics-2011-100411, (www).
ag31.   "491 babies born alive after failed abortions, left to die: Statistics Canada confirms", Patrick Crane, Lifesitenews, 11/28/2012, (www).
ag32.   "Planned Parenthood official defends post-birth abortions", Ben Johnson, Lifesitenews, 4/1/2013, (www).
ag33.   "A Defense of Genocide", by Cal Montgomery, Ragged Edge, July/August 1999, (www).
ag34.   "Peter Singer’s Views Deserve Scorn, Not Awards", by Wesley J. Smith, J.D.,The Center for Bioethics and Culture, 2012, (www).
ag35.   "Babies Left to Die", Zenit 7/17/2004, (www).
ag36.   "Casual Eugenics", Valerie Schmalz, August/Sept 2006, Catholic World Reort, (www).
ag37.   "90% of Down Syndrome Children Aborted, Survivors Bring Joy", Maura Butler, Washington, DC,, 4/19/11, (www).
ag38.   "The Two-Minus-One Pregnancy", RUTH PADAWER, Published: August 10, 2011, The New York Times Magazine, (www).
ag39.   "Women Paid to Carry Baby to 12 Weeks before “Harvesting” for Beauty Treatments", Hilary White, Aug 08, 2006, Lifesitenews, (www).
ag40.   "Clinics Use Tissue From Babies Killed in Abortions for Cosmetic Injections", Steven Ertelt, August 8, 2006,, (www).
ag41.   "Woe to the Bloody City!", Joseph Collison, November 2000, New Oxford Review, (www).
ag42.   "A New Growth Industry in Baby Body Parts", Susan Wills, (www).
ag43.   "Unholy Harvest, The sale of baby parts is big business in North America", CELESTE MCGOVERN, Focus on the Family, 2006, (www).
ag44.   "Babies -- Bought, Sold and Traded, A Dark Side of the Consumer Mind-set", Zenit, September 17, 2005, (www).
ag45.   "Cannibalism, Eyewitness accounts from inside the booming trade in fetal body parts", Fathers for Life, August 23, 1999, (www).
ag46.   "Hong Kong Reports Mainland Chinese Eating Infants", The Next Magazine, Friday, March 30, 2007, (www).
ag47.   "Reporter Further Exposes Abortion-Stem Cell-Beauty Treatment Scandal", Steven Ertelt, Editor, December 18, 2006, (www).
ag48.   "India 'loses 10m female births'", Jan uary 9, 22006, (www).
ag49.   "Study: Pro-Life Legislation Cut Abortions on Teen Girls by 50 Percent", Steven Ertelt, Editor, February 7, 2007, (www).
ag50.   "FSU study: Abortion notification, consent laws reduce risky teen sex", Jill Elish, 2006, (www).
ag51.   "13 million abortions in China each year: report", Reuters, BEIJING | Thu Jul 30, 2009 11:24am EDT, (www).
ag52.   "Up to 12 million girls aborted in India over last 30 years:study", Tan Ee Lyn, Reuters, HONG KONG, Tue May 24, 2011 6:34am EDT, (www).
ag53.   "Rape, Incest, and Abortion: Searching Beyond the Myths", David C. Reardon, Ph.D., (www).
ag54.   "Skip to comments.Revealed: how an abortion puts the next baby at risk", Michael Day, News Telegraph, 05/15/2005, (www).
ag55.   "Abortion patients in 1994-1995: characteristics and contraceptive use"-contraceptive failure triggers 58% of abortions, Henshaw SK, Kost K., Fam Plann Perspect. 1996 Jul-Aug;28(4):140-7, 158., (www).
ag56.   "Abortion is more than meets the eye", Kathleen Parker, )ct. 2002, (www).
ag57.   "Study Says Abortion Lead to Higher Crime, Increased Murder Rates", Steven Ertelt, WASHINGTON, DC, LIFENEWS.COM, 8/9/07 9:00 AM, (www).
ag58.   "High abortion rate worries NY experts", Gale Scott, crains new york business, August 10, 2008, (www).
ag59.   "New Report Suggests Over 1 Billion Abortions Committed: Pro-Life Activists", James Tillman,, Fri Oct 16, 2009, (www).
ag60.   "19 Facts About Abortion In America That Should Make You Very Sick", Michael, February 10th, 2012, The American Dream, (www).
ag61.   "10 Very Surprising Quotes From Abortion Doctors", Lauren Enriquez, Washington, DC,, 1/7/13, (www).
ag62.   "Planned Parenthood Sees Record High Abortions, Taxpayer Funding", Steven Ertelt, Washington, DC,, 1/7/13, (www).
ag63.   "CBS News Poll: Majority of Americans Want Abortion Illegal, Restrictions", Steven Ertelt, Editor, January 24, 2007, (www).
ag64.   "Poll: Record low are 'pro-choice'", TIM MAK, 5/23/12, Politico, (www).
ag65.   "Poll: 56% Take Pro-Life Abortion Position, 80% Want More Limits", Steven Ertelt, Washington, DC,, 1/8/13, (www).
ag66.   "Study: Parent notification law cuts abortions", The Associated Press, 3/8/2006, (www).
ag67.   "Women Who’ve Been Pregnant Through Sexual Assault Plead For Public Hearings",, June 23, 2004, (www).
ag68.   "Our Tax Dollars Fund the Abortion Industry", Susan W. Enouen, July, 2008, Life Issues Connector, Life Issues Institute, (www).
ag69.   "PA abortion clinic worker: I saw 10 babies breathe", MARYCLAIRE DALE, 4/18/2013, (www).
ag70.   "Spontaneous Electrical Activity in the Human Fetal Cortex In Vitro", Anna R. Moore, Et.Al., The Journal of Neuroscience, 16 February 2011, 31(7): 2391-2398; doi: 10.1523/​JNEUROSCI.3886-10.2011, (www).
ag71.   "Fetal Development", American Life League, (www).
ag72.   "Opinion 2.01 - Abortion", American Medical Association, (www).
ag73.   "Contraceptive Failure Triggers 58% of Abortions", Mike Bykowski, Family Practice News, Sept. 15, 1996. See (www).
ag74.   “New poll: Born again evangelicals by far most likely to support a child’s right-to-life”, by Ben Johnson August 02, 2013, (www).
ag75.   “Expert Tells Congress Unborn Babies Can Feel Pain Starting at 8 Weeks”, by Steven Ertelt,, 5/23/13, (www).
ag76.   "What Does the Bible say about Abortion", Brian Clowes, Wanderer, August 29, 2013, (www).
ag77.   "Supreme Court Decisions on Abortion", Cornell Law School Supreme Court search pages and Roe v. Wade Report-California Right To Life, [link].
ag78.   "Shots assist in aborting fetuses Lethal injections offer legal shield", By Carey Goldberg, Globe Staff , August 10, 2007 , (www).
ag79.   "Frequency of Down Syndrome per Maternal Age", Reference from Hook EB. JAMA 249:2034-2038, 1983, (www).
ag80.   "A Physician Speaks about Abortion", C. Everett Koop, M. D., as told to Dick Bohrer, in "Moody Monthly," May, 1980, (www).
ag81.   "US abortion rate at lowest level since 1973", Associated Press, February 03, 2014, (www).
ag82.   "Abortifacient", Wikipedia, (www).
ag83.   "Planned Parenthood Now Does One-Third of All Abortions in the U.S.", Rita Diller, Washington, DC,, 2/6/14, (www).
ag84.   "Fetal Pain A Systematic Multidisciplinary Review of the Evidence", Susan J. Lee, JD; Henry J. Peter Ralston, MD; Eleanor A. Drey, MD, EdM; John Colin Partridge, MD, MPH; Mark A. Rosen, MD, JAMA. 2005;294(8):947-954, (www).
ag85.   "Fetal Pain", Brian D. Sites, MD, JAMA. 2006;295(2):159-161, (www).
ag86.   "Study Shows Premature Babies Can Feel Pain", ImpactLab, April 4th, 2006, (www).
ag87.   "Renowned neonatologist claims fetuses feel pain", Catholic News, June 13, 2006, (www).
ag88.   "Company Uses Cells From Abortions to Test Artificial Flavors", Steven Ertelt, Washington, DC,, 3/29/11, (www).
ag89.   "Former Abortion Clinic Owner Carol Everett", Carol Everett, author of 'Blood Money', (www).
ag90.   "Report: Abortions Drop 32 Percent From All-Time High as Roe Turns 41", Tatiana Bergum, Steven Ertelt, Washington, DC,, 1/21/14, (www).
ag91.   "Former Planned Parenthood nurse calls abortion clinic 'evil, sad place'", Natalie Hoefer, Catholic News Service, 2-19-2014, (www).
ag92.   "United States Abortion Statistics", Minnesota Citizens Concerned for Life 4249 Nicollet Avenue, Minneapolis, MN 55409, Phone: 612.825.6831, (www).
ag93.   "In New York City, the abortion capital of the country, abortion rates drop precipitously", Ben Johnson, Fri Feb 14, 2014, (www).
ag94.   "Abortion Proceedures", Minnesota Citizens Concerned for Life 4249 Nicollet Avenue, Minneapolis, MN 55409, Phone: 612.825.6831, (www).
ag95.   "Abortion Proceedures", Hope Pregnancy Center, 205 Brentwood Drive, College Station, Texas 77840, 979.695.9193, (www).
ag96.   "Abortifacients", Life Issues Institute, (www).
ag97.   "The Physicians' Crusade Against Abortion", Frederick N. Dyer, Nov 2006, (www).
ag98.   "Belgium Parliament passes law allowing children to be euthanized", Peter Baklinski, Thu Feb 13, 2014, (www).
ag99.   "Access to Abortion Falling as States Pass Restrictions", ERIK ECKHOLMJAN, 3, 2014, (www).
ag100"Changes in Abortions and Births and the Texas Parental Notification Law", Theodore Joyce, Ph.D., Robert Kaestner, Ph.D., and Silvie Colman, B.B.A., N Engl J Med 2006; 354:1031-1038March 9, 2006, (www).
ag101"If Ultrasounds Make No Difference, Why Do Abortion Activists Oppose Them?," Cassy Fiano, Washington, DC,, 1/12/14, (www).
ag102"Relationship Between Ultrasound Viewing and Proceeding to Abortion", Gatter, Mary MD; Kimport, Katrina PhD; Foster, Diana Greene PhD; Weitz, Tracy A. PhD, MPA; Upadhyay, Ushma D. PhD, MPHObstetrics and Gynecology:January 2014 - Volume 123 - Issue 1 - p 81–87, (www).
ag103"Abortion Doc Who Kills Babies Born Alive Sued for “Permanently Injuring” Woman in Botched Abortion", Steven Ertelt, Houston, TX,, 3/17/14, (www).
ag104"Abortion and Disabilities: 87% of Downs Die, 64% Spina Bifida", Steven Ertelt, Lansing, MI,, 10/10/11, (www).


ai1.     “China bans RU-486”, christianliferesources,(www).
ai2.     “Abortion may increase risk of ectopic pregnancy, researchers suggest”, Tharaux-Deneux, MD, Catherine, American Journal Of Public Health, 1998;88:401-405, (www).
ai3.     “Risk of breast cancer among young women: relationship to induced abortion", Daling, Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Nov. 2, 1994; 86(21): 1569-70, (www).
ai4.     “Risk of beast cancer among white women following induced abortion", Daling, American Journal of Epidemiology, August 15, 1996; 144(4): 373-80, (www).
ai5.     “Major Study on Abortion Finds Risks Much Higher Than Expected”, April 23, 2002 (www).
ai6.     “A List of Major Physical Sequelae Related to Abortion”, Reardon, David C., Eliot Institute, PO Box 73478, Sprinfield, Ill, 62791-7348, (www).
ai7.     "Statistics: Abortion-Related Deaths", (www).
ai8.     “When Abortion Kills Twice-The Breast Cancer Link”, Hoopes, Tom, Crisis, Sept. 2002, pp.20-25, (www).
ai9.     “The Strange Silence About Abortion And Breast Cancer”, Rice, Ellen,(www).
ai10.   “Deaths Associated With Pregnancy Outcome: A Record Linkage Study of Low Income Women”, Reardon et. al., David C., Southern Medical Journal, Vol. 95, No. 8, pp.834-41,(www).
ai11.   “Pregnancy-associated deaths in Finland 1987-1994-definition problems and benefits of record linkage”, Gissler et. al., Mika,(www).
ai12.   “Abortion Is Four Times deadlier Than Childbirth”, Reardon, Ph.D., David C., (www).
ai13.   "Abortion Procedures and Risks",, (www).
ai14.   "More Research Links Abortion with Preterm Births in Subsequent Pregnancies", Hilary White,, Wed Mar 04, 2009, (www).
ai15.   "Abortion VS Childbirth Which is Safer?", J.C. Willke, MD, 2006, Life Issues Institute, (www).
ai16.   "Abortion Increases Women’s Mortality Rate", David Reardon, August 2, 2002, (www).
ai17.   "The Abortion-Breast Cancer Link: How Politics Trumped Science and Informed Consent", Karen Malec, Journal of American Physicians and Surgeons Volume 8 Number 2 Summer 2003, (www).
ai18.   "Women Attribute Substance Abuse, Sexual Disorders, and Suicidal Thoughts to Abortion", from Medical Science Monitor, November 16, 2004, (www).
ai19.   "The Abortion-Breast Cancer Link is America’s Best Kept Secret, Part 1, 2, 3",, (www) and (www) and (www).
ai20.   "Abortion Risks: A list of major physical complications related to abortion", Abortion Risks and Complications, copyright 1997, 2000 Elliot Institute, (www).
ai21.   "The After Effects of Abortion", David Reardon,, (www).
ai22.   "Induced Abortion and Risk of Later Premature Births", Brent Rooney, Byron C. Calhoun, M.D., Journal of American Physicians and Surgeons Volume 8 Number 2 Summer 2003, (www).
ai23.   "The Maternal Mortality Myth in the context of legalized abortion", Bryon Calhoun, West Virginia University, Linacre Quarterly, Catholic Medical Association, Vol 80, #3, August 2013.
ai24.   "Paper Shows Ireland’s Maternal Mortality Half of England’s Without Abortion", Paul Stark, Dublin, Ireland,, 6/20/13, (www).
ai25.   “Putin Signs Law Banning Abortion Ads as It Decimates Russia’s Population”, by Steven Ertelt, Moscow, Russia,, 11/25/13, (www).
ai26.   "Complications of Abortion talk at Medical Women's International Assoc. Banned at last minute", Mary L Davenport, MD, FACOG, August 3, 2013, (www).
ai27.   "Preterm Birth and Abortion-Powerpoint Presentation (downloadable/viewable-no need to save)", Mary L Davenport, MD, FACOG, August 3, 2013, (www).
ai28.   "Maternal Mortality and the Myth of “Safe” Abortion-Powerpoint Presentation (long download/viewable-no need to save)", Dr. Donna Harrison, M.D., August 3, 2013, (www).
ai28.   "Bombshell Study Finds 44% Increased Breast Cancer Risk for Women Having Abortions", by Joel Brind, Ph.D., Washington, DC,, 12/2/13, (www).
ai29.   “The Comparative Safety of Legal Induced Abortion and Childbirth in the United States”, Raymond, Elizabeth G. MD, MPH; Grimes, David A. MD,Obstetrics and Gynecology:February 2012 - Volume 119 - Issue 2, Part 1 - p 215–219, (www).
ai30.   "New Study Shows 'Best Predictor of Breast Cancer'”, Karen Malec, Coalition on Abortion/Breast Cancer, October 3, 2007, (www).
ai31.   "Age at First Birth and Breast Cancer Risk”, B. MACMAHON, P. COLE, T. M. LIN, C. R. LOWE, A. P. MIRRA, B. RAVNIHAR, E. J. SALBER, V. G. VALAORAS and S. YUASA, Bull World Health Organ. 1970; 43(2): 209–221., (www) and (www).
ai32.   "Revealed: how an abortion puts the next baby at risk”, Michael Day, 05/15/2005, News Telegraph, (www).

Abortion-Late Term Abortion

al1.     “Late-term Abortion”, Epner, Jonas, Seckinger, (www).
al2.     “Rationale for Banning Abortions Late in Pregnancy”,Sprang, Neerhof, JAMA, August 26, 1998, Vol. 280, No. 8, pp.744-747, (www).
al3.     "Partial-birth abortion: dispelling the myths", (www).
al4.     "Partial Birth Abortion",, (www).
al5.     "Shots assist in aborting fetuses, Lethal injections offer legal shield", Carey Goldberg, Globe Staff, August 10, 2007, The Boston Globe, (www).
al6.     "Abortion docs reveal partial-birth procedure", World Net Daily News, 04/03/2004, (www).
al7.     "Lies exposed by photos and videos", Barbara Kralis, February 10, 2006,, (www).
al8.     "Key Facts on Partial-Birth Abortion", National Right to Life, February 14, 2003, (www).
al9.     "Saline Abortion", Wikipedia, (www).
al10.   "Partial-birth abortion: a neurosurgeon speaks", Robert J. White, America (NY). 1997 Oct 18;177(11):4-5., (www).
al11.   "Partial Birth Abortion Ban, 2007", Wikipedia, (www).
al12.   "Partial Birth Abortion Ban, 2003", Public Law 108-105, 108th Congress, Page 117 STAT. 1201, (www).

Abortion-Post Abortion Healing/Mental Health Issues

am1.     "Abortion and Healing"; For numerous articles see; (www) and (www).
am2.     “New Study Links Suicide, Abortion”,(www).
am3.     “Suicides after pregnancy in Finland, 1987-94:register linkage study”,Gissler et. al., Mika, BMJ, 1996; 313: pp. 1431-34, (www).
am4.     "Trauma Symptoms After Abortion Are Common New Study Shows", Elliot Institute, November 16, 2004, (www).
am5.     "Women’s Mental Health after Abortion-Powerpoint Presentation (downloadable/viewable-no need to save)", Dr. Martha Shuping, M.D., August 3, 2013, (www).
am6.     "British Woman Committed Suicide After Abortion of Twins Over Extreme Grief" ", Steven Ertelt, WASHINGTON, DC, LIFENEWS.COM, 2/21/08, (www).
am7.     "The Abortion Suicide Connection", David Reardon, Phd., November 23, 1999 by EI, (www).
am8.     "Abortion Increases Risk of Women’s Mental Health Problems 81%", Steven Ertelt, London, England,, 9/1/11, (www).
am9.     "Abortion and mental health: quantitative synthesis and analysis of research published 1995–2009", Priscilla K. Coleman, BJP- The British Journal of Psychiatry(2011); 199:180-186, doi: 10.1192/bjp.bp.110.077230, (www).
am10.    "MAJOR STUDY ON ABORTION FINDS RISKS MUCH HIGHER THAN EXPECTED", The National Catholic Register, 23-April-2002, (www).
am11.    "Women Need More Mental Health Treatment After Abortion, New Study Finds", Coleman PK, Reardon DC, Rue VM, Cougle JR. “State-funded abortions vs. deliveries: A comparison of outpatient mental health claims over five years.” American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 2002, Vol. 72, No. 1, 141, (www).
am12.    "Study finds depression suffered by 80% of women who abort", CNA, Madrid, Spain, Dec 9, 2008, (www).
am14.    "Depression associated with abortion and childbirth: a long-term analysis of the NLSY cohort", Jesse R. Cougle, David C. Reardon, Priscilla K. Coleman, Med Sci Monit 2003;9(4):CR105-112, (www).
am15.    "A List of Major Psychological Sequelae of Abortion", Elliot Institute, November 23, 1999, (www).
am16.    "Royal College Warns Abortions Can Lead to Mental Illness", Sarah-Kate Templeton, Times Online, Mar. 16, 2008, (www).
am17.    "Traumatised Health Care Professionals Forced to Take Part in Abortion Procedures",, 29 June 2002, (www).
am18.    "Induced abortion and traumatic stress: a preliminary comparison of American and Russian women", Rue VM, Coleman PK, Rue JJ, Reardon DC, Med Sci Monit. 2004 Oct;10(10):SR5-16, (www).


cg1.     “Contraception: Why Not”, Janet Smith, Catholic Educator’s Resource Center: Sexuality, (www-revised) and (www-classic).
cg2.     “Condom slipups Common among college-age men”, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Sept. 2002,(www) and (www) and (www-Sept 4).
cg3.     "Study: Contraception use up, abortions double; researchers can’t figure out why", Jill Stanek-Reports.,(www).
cg4.     "WHAT DOES THE CHURCH TEACH ABOUT BIRTH CONTROL?", Couple to Couple League, EWTN, (www).
cg5.     "The Passions Behind the Pill, Helping women in poverty is what drove the development of the oral contraceptive", Katherine Leitzell, US News And World Report, 8/5/2007, (www).
cg6.     "Contraceptive Failure Chart",, (www).
cg7.     "Comstock Laws", Wikipedia, (www).
cg8.     "A Challenging Truth, Part One: How Birth Control Works", Patti Maguire Armstrong, Catholic Exchange, Free Republic, February 9, 2008, (www).
cg9.     "Are All Contraceptive Failures Unintended Pregnancies? Evidence from the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth", James Trussell, Barbara Vaughan and Joseph Stanford, Family Planning Perspectives, Guttmacher Institute, Volume 31, Number 5, September/October 1999, (www).
cg10.   "Condom Use Still Low Among Adults", Dr. Choy Y. Man said at the annual Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 2002, (www).
cg11.   "The Contraception Contradiction-Growing evidence suggests that the “more contraceptives, fewer abortions, theory is flawed", Danile Alott, Catholic World Report, May 28, 2012, (www).
cg12.   "DISPELLING THE MYTHS behind conception, contraception and abortifacient drugs", J. C. Willke, MD and Bradley Mattes, MBS, Life Issues Institute, 2010, (www).
cg13.   "Contraceptive References in the Bible", FR. WILLIAM SAUNDERS, (www).
cg14.   "Does the Bible Condemn Use of Contraceptives", Peter Dawson, Family Foundations, Couple to Couple, March-April 2003.
cg15.   "The Treatment of Sexual Assault Victims", Kevin T. McMahahon, Ethics and Medics, National Catholic Bioethics Center, September 2002, Volume 27, Number 9.
cg16.   "Physicians Groups Charge US Government with Condom Cover-up", Austin Ruse, C-Fam, April 17,2001, (www).
cg17.   "How well do condoms work against STDs?-Debate over whether warning labels should be changed",, 6/29/2005, (www).
cg18.   "Despite guidelines, U.S. condom use still low", BRUCE JANCIN, Denver Bureau, COPYRIGHT 2004 International Medical News Group,, (www).
cg19.   "NIH Condom Report Draws Fire", The Body, August 1, 2001, (www).
cg20.   "Workshop Summary: Scientific Evidence on Condom Effectiveness for Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Prevention", June 12-13, 2000 Hyatt Dulles Airport Herndon, Virginia, (www).
cg21.   "No Protection: Federal Study Highlights Condom's Ineffectiveness", Eve Tushnet, National Caatolic Register, September 2-8, 2001.
cg22.   "The pope was right about condoms, says Harvard HIV expert", William Crawley, Sunday, 29 March 2009, BBC News, (www).
cg23.   "Condoms, STD, Teenagers, and International Case Studies Showing Condom Ineffectiveness Against HIV/AIDS", Life Issues Institute, (www).
cg24.   "New Research Shows Dangers of Condoms in HIV Prevention", Culture of Life Foundation and Institute, January 13, 2004 Posted on Tuesday, (www).
cg25.   "Muslim Women on Condom Machines: “Don’t ruin our culture, Remove these machines”, Gudrun Schultz, Dec. 14, 2005,, (www).
cg26.   "Condoms are not reliable in fight against HIV, says African cardinal", Carol Glatz, Catholic News Service, Oct. 5, 2009, (www).
cg27.   "Uganda clearly shows contraceptives not the answer to HIV/AIDS epidemic", Brian Clowes, Oct 11, 2011, Lifesitenews, (www).
cg28.   "Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Report Shows Condoms Provide Inadequate Risk Reduction From U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention", December 23, 2002 The Body, (www).
cg29.   "The Case Against Condoms", A Reflection by His Eminence Alfonso Cardinal Lopez Trujillo, President, Prontifical Council for the Family, December 1, 2003, (www).
cg30.   "Benedict XVI on Condoms and AIDS", James McTavish, April, 2013, (www).
cg31.   "Report Shows Contraception Failure, 54% Used Before Abortion”, Steven Ertelt, Washington, DC,, 1/11/11, (www).
cg32.   "The Bible and Birth Control”, Scott Hahn, Touchstone Magazine, Criswell College, (www-Hahn).
cg33.   "Effectiveness of Family Planning Methods", CDC‎, (www).
cg34.   "Sex, Condoms, and STDs: What We Now Know", monograph by The Medical Institute, (www) and (www).
cg35.   "Scientific Review of Condom Effectiveness Research Reveals Condoms Provide Inadequate Risk Reduction For Sexually Transmitted Diseases", The Medical Institute for Sexual Health, 2002, (www).
cg36.   "Contraceptives and the Law-A View From a Catholic Medical Institution", Eric A. Zimmer, SJ, PhD; Jos V. M. Welie, JD, PhD, MA, MMedS; Marc S. Rendell, MD, JAMA.May 2013;309(19):1999-2000, (www).


ci1.     "Breast Cancer Its Link to Abortion and the Birth Control Pill", Kahlenborn, Chris, MD, (www).
ci2.     “Hormone Replacement Therapy in Relation to Breast Cancer”, Chen, Weiss, Newcomb, Barlow, White, JAMA, Feb. 13, 2002, Vol. 287, No. 6, pp.734-41, (www).
ci3.     “Birth Control Pill/Breast Cancer Study Another Victim Of Biased Reporting”, search  (www).
ci4.     "Ortho-Novum 7/7/7-Mechanisam of Action and Unintended Pregnancies", Physicians Desk Reference, (www).
ci5.     "More birth control choices for women over 40", Dangers of the BCP for many,, 4/4/2008,(www).
ci6.     "Pill inventor slams ... pill", January 08, 2009, (www).
ci7.     "Delay in conception for former 'pill' users", Linn S, Schoenbaum SC, Monson RR, Rosner B, Ryan KJ, JAMA. 1982 Feb 5;247(5):629-32, (www).
ci8.     "The Harms of Contraception", Life, One More Soul, (www).
ci9.     "Ortho Evra A New Option in Birth Control"-database does not quite go back this far, Volume 17, Issue 3 Jan 2002, (www).
ci10.   "Postfertilization Effects of Oral Contraceptives and Their Relationship to Informed Consent", Walter L. Larimore, MD; Joseph B. Stanford, MD, MSPH , Arch Fam Med. 2000;9:126-133, The Polycarp, (www).
ci11.   "Hormonal Contraceptives", Couple to Couple League, (www).
ci12.   "Nonoxynol-9 Spermicide Contraception Use-United States, 1999", MMWR, 2002:51:289-392, (www).
ci13.   "Real Contraceptive Choices: Alternatives to Risky Hormone Pills, Patches and Shots", Dr. Mercola, July 10, 2010, (www).
ci14.   "What a Woman Should Know about Birth Control", Chris Kahlenborn, MD, One More Soul, (www).
ci15.   "What a Woman Should Know about Contraceptives", Catholic News Agency, (www).
ci16.   "Canadian MP says Cancer Society Withholding Pill/Cancer Link", Hilary White, Lifesitenews, March 17, 2006, (www).
ci17.   "Abstract 3537: Oral Contraceptives Cause Major C-reactive Protein Rises in the Female General Population" taking for 10 years increased plaque 20-30%, Ernst Rietzschel1; Marc De Buyzere1; Dirk De Baquer1; Michel Langlois2; Sofie Bekaert3; Patrick Segers3; Piet Van Damme4; Pascal Verdonck5; Guy De Backer5; Thierry C Gillebert5, ASKLEPIOS investigators, Circulation. 2007;116:II_800-II_801, (www).
ci18.   "Oral contraceptive risks: a realistic appraisal", Bressler R, Durand JL, Drug Ther (NY). 1979 Oct;9(10):81-95, (www).
ci19.   "Possible Interventions to Minimize the Bone Mineral Density Loss Associated with Depot Medroxyprogesterone Acetate Use in Adolescents and Young Adults", Zeev Harel, MD, Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Brown University School of Medicine, 2011, U S O B S T E T R I C S and G Y N E C O L O G Y, (www).
ci20.   "Primary liver tumors and oral contraceptives. Results of a survey", Vana J, Murphy GP, Aronoff BL, Baker HW, JAMA. 1977 Nov 14;238(20):2154-8, (www).
ci21.   "The Neurological Complicattions of the Pill", Hanna Damasio, M.D., Medical Times, Vol. 109, No. 6, June, 1981.
ci22.   "Migraine with aura tied to stroke risk in young women: smoking, OCS compound odds of ischemia", Worcester, Sharon, Family Practice News, April 1, 2007, (www).
ci23.   "Poisoned by the Pill: Truths about Chemical Contraception", Mary Anne Moresco, Feb 20, 2012 in Featured, Life Issues and Bioethics, Catholic Lane, (www).
ci24.   "Contraceptive Dangers", Zenit, January 08, 2005, (www-1) and (www-2).
ci25.   "Estrogen therapy linked to breast lumps", Heather Vannest, Apr 8, 2008, (www).
ci26.   "Lung Cancer Mortality Higher in Women Who Used Combination Hormone Therapy", Tracy Hampton, PhD, JAMA. 2009;302(6):615-616. doi:10.1001/jama.2009.1117, (www).
ci27.   "Hormone Therapy and Ovarian Cancer", Lina Steinrud Mørch, MSc; Ellen Løkkegaard, MD, PhD; Anne Helms Andreasen, MSc; Susanne Krüger-Kjær, MD, DrMSci; Øjvind Lidegaard, MD, DrMSci, JAMA. 2009;302(3):298-305. doi:10.1001/jama.2009.1052, (www).
ci28.   "Cervical cancer and use of hormonal contraceptives: a systematic review.", Smith, Et. Al., Lancet. 2003 Apr 5;361(9364):1159-67, (www).
ci29.   "Hormonal birth control, bacterial infections in women linked to increased shedding of type-2 herpes", Dr. Thomas Cherpes, Et. Al., University of Pittsburgh and Magee-Womens Research Institute, (www).
ci30.   "Birth Control Pill May Permanently Reduce Sex Drive Study Finds", Lifesitenews, May 26, 2005, (www).
ci31.   "Birth Control Pill May Cause Prostate Cancer and Bladder Disease in Mothers’ Children", Lifesitenews, May 04, 2005, (www).
ci32.   "Low dose birth control pill raises heart attack risk, especially in some women", News Medical Net, July 11, 2005, (www).
ci33.   "Hormonal Changes Causing Sexual Dysfunction May Not Be Immediately Reversible", Miranda Hitti, WebMD Health News, May 19, 2005, (www).
ci34.   "Depression and Hormonal Contraception—Reply", Marlene P. Freeman, MD, JAMA. 2001;286(6):671-672. doi:10.1001/jama.286.6.671, (www).
ci35.   "Researchers Explain Why Having Baby Reduces Breast Cancer Chances", Steven Ertelt, WASHINGTON, DC, LIFENEWS.COM, 10/2/07, (www).
ci36.   "A Case-Control Study of Oral Contraceptive Use and Incident Breast Cancer", Lynn Rosenberg,corresponding author Yuqing Zhang, Patricia F. Coogan, Brian L. Strom, and Julie R. Palmer, Am J Epidemiol. 2009 February 15; 169(4): 473–479, (www).
ci37.   "Study: Long use of any hormones poses breast cancer risk", Darr Beiser,, (www).
ci38.   "Decline in U.S. Breast Cancers Tied to Drop in Hormone Use", Amanda Gardner, HealthDay Reporter , Tuesday, August 14, 2007, (www).
ci39.   "Incidence of Breast Cancer With Distant Involvement Among Women in the United States, 1976 to 2009 ", Rebecca H. Johnson, MD; Franklin L. Chien, BA; Archie Bleyer, MD, JAMA. 2013;309(8):800-805., (www).
ci40.   "Oral contraceptives and the risk of breast cancer in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers.", Narod SA, Et.Al., J Natl Cancer Inst. 2002 Dec 4;94(23):1773-9, (www).
ci41.   "Breast Cancer Risk from The Pill ", Dr. Chris Kahlenborn, One More Soul,, (www).
ci42.   "World Health Organization Classifies Contraceptives as Highly Carcinogenic",, Mon Aug 08, 2005, (www).
ci43.   "New Risk Data Added to Contraceptive Patch Label", JOHN R. BELL, FamilyPracticeNews, 10/15/2006, (www).
ci44.   "FDA announces review of birth control pills over serious blood clot risks", Peter J. Smith, Wed Jun 01, 2011, (www).
ci45.   "Study adds to evidence on clot risks of non-oral contraceptives", Øjvind Lidegaard, Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Gynaecological Clinic, University of Copenhagen, Denmark, May 9, 2012, (www).
ci46.   "Venous thrombosis in users of non-oral hormonal contraception: follow-up study, Denmark 2001-10", Øjvind Lidegaard, Et.Al., BMJ 2012; 344, (www).
ci47.   "FDA Drug Safety Communication: Safety review update on the possible increased risk of blood clots with birth control pills containing drospirenone", 09-26-2011, (www).
ci48.   "Mirena complications",, (www).
ci49.   "FDA requires warning labels for nonoxynol 9", Schneider, Mary Ellen, Family Practice News, January 1, 2008, (www).
ci50.   "Contracepting the Environment-environmentalists Mum", WAYNE LAUGESEN, National Catholic Register, Tuesday, Jul 10, 2007, (www).
ci51.   "Estrogen Plus Progestin and Breast Cancer Incidence and Mortality in Postmenopausal Women", Rowan T. Chlebowski, MD, Et.Al., JAMA. 2010;304(15):1684-1692, (www).
ci52.   "Confirmed: breast Ca more likely in HRT users.", ROBERT FINN, Sept. 15, 2010, FROM CANCER EPIDEMIOLOGY, BIOMARKERS AND PREVENTION, (www).
ci53.   "Postmenopausal Hormone Treatment", Stephen Hulley, MD, MPH; Deborah Grady, MD, MPH, JAMA. 2009;301(23):2493-2495, (www).
ci54.   "Hormone Replacement Therapy Linked to Ovarian Cancer", Allison Gandey, April 24, 2007, Medscape Family Medicine, (www).
ci55.   "Estrogen Plus Progestin and the Incidence of Dementia and Mild Cognitive Impairment in Postmenopausal WomenThe Women's Health Initiative Memory Study: A Randomized Controlled Trial", Sally A. Shumaker, PhD, Et.Al., JAMA. 2003;289(20):2651-2662, (www).
ci56.   "Oral contraceptives linked to increased risk of multiple sclerosis", Nicole Kwan, Published February 28, 2014,, (www).
ci57.   "Depression as a side effect of the contraceptive pill", Kulkarni J., Expert Opin Drug Saf. 2007 Jul;6(4):371-4., (www).
ci58.   "Some Oral Contraceptive Side Effects Irreversible", By: MIRIAM E. TUCKER, (www).
ci59.   "Risks of breast, endometrial, and ovarian cancers after twin births", Jianguang Ji1, Asta Fôrsti1, Jan Sundquist, Kari Hemminki, Deutsche Krebshilfe, the Swedish Cancer Society, (www).
ci60.   "The Effects of Twins, Parity and Age at First Birth on Cancer Risk in Swedish Women", Neale, Rachel E.1; Darlington, Steven2; Murphy, Michael F.G.3; Silcocks, Paul B.S.4; Purdie, David M.5; Talbäck, Mats, Twin Research and Human Genetics, Volume 8, Number 2, April 2005 , pp. 156-162(7), (www).
ci61.   "Hormonal contraceptives increase risk of HSV-2 transmission", Thomas Cherpes, MD, of the Magee-Womens Research Institute, Published on April 6, 2005, Medical Net News, (www).
ci62.   "Pill increases breast cancer risk", BBC News, Posted on ‎3‎/‎23‎/‎2002‎, (www).
ci63.   "Contraceptive Used in Africa May Double Risk of H.I.V.", PAM BELLUCK, Published: October 3, 2011‎, (www).
ci64.   "Hormonal contraception and HIV: an unanswered question EDITORIAL", Charles S Morrison a, Kavita Nanda a, a Clinical Sciences, FHI 360, Durham, NC, USA‎, (www).
ci65.   "Study: Depo Provera Use Increases Breast Cancer Risk", National, Steven Ertelt, Jun 11, 2012, Washington, DC, (www).
ci66.   "The Lancet Infectious Diseases: Study supports link between injectable hormonal contraceptive and HIV risk, Lauren Ralph, lead author, epidemiologist, The University of California at Berkeley‎, (www).

Contraception-Emergency Contraception

ce1.     "Postfertilization Effect of Hormonal Emergency Contraception", Chris Kahlenborn, Joseph B Stanford, and Walter L Larimore, The Annals of Pharmacotherapy, 2002 March, Volume 36, (www).
ce2.     "Mass. Emergency Contraception Bill Vetoed", July 27, 2005, Associated Press, (www).
ce3.     "Population Effect of Increased Access to Emergency Contraceptive Pills: A Systematic Review", Raymond, Elizabeth G. MD, MPH1; Trussell, James PhD2; Polis, Chelsea B.3, Obstetrics and Gynecology: January 2007 - Volume 109 - Issue 1 - pp 181-188, (www).
ce4.     "Researcher Confirms Abortion Drug Causes Rare Infection Killing Women". Steven Ertelt, Editor, July 27, 2005, (www).
ce5.     "Direct Access to Emergency Contraception", A response to "Direct Access to Emergency Contraception Through Pharmacies and Effect on Unintended Pregnancy and STIs-A Randomized Controlled Trial", JAMA. 2005;293(15):1856-1857, h(www).
ce6.     "Why this pharmacy does not sell the 'morning-after' pill", John Wilks B. Pharm., MPS, MACPP,, (www).
ce7.     "China Bans RU 486 Abortion Drug October 22, 2001", Christian Life Resources, (www).
ce8.     "The "Morning After" Pill", DR. JOHN J. B. SHEA, M.D., Catholic Insight (May, 2004), (www).
ce9.     "Facts of Life: Chapter 2: Abortifacients: (5) The RU-486 Abortion Pill--Part 1, Part 2", Human Life International, (www), Part 1, (www).
ce10.   "Study: morning-after pill doesn’t reduce unwanted pregnancy", Eben Harrell,, March 17, 20,, and, Arland K. Nichols, ZENIT, The world seen from Rome News Agency, (www).
ce11.   "Use of Morning-After Pill on the Rise: CDC", THURSDAY, Feb. 14 (HealthDay News), (www).
ce12.   "RU-486 Facts", (www).
ce13.   "FDA approves a five-day pill", Rob Stein, Washington Post, Friday, August 13, 2010,(www).
ce14.   "Abortion pill used in a quarter of US abortions", Jul 09, 2009, (www).
ce15.   "Abortion Drug Has Killed 29 Women, European Maker Tells Italy’s Government", Steven Ertelt, WASHINGTON, DC, LIFENEWS.COM, 7/31/09, (www).
ce16.   "Repeat Pregnancies Occur in Teens, Despite Access to ECPs", DIANA MAHONEY, Family Practice News, 06/15/07, (www).
ce17.   "Does Emergency Contraception Cause Early Abortions?", CHRISTIAN BRUGGER, National Catholic Register, 04/25/2013, (www-part1) and (www-part2).
ce18.   "FDA Makes Plan B Contraceptive Available to 15-Year-Olds", SUE ELLEN BROWDER, National Catholic Register, 05/09/2013, (www).
ce19.   "Population Effect of Increased Access to Emergency Contraceptive Pills: A Systematic Review", Raymond, Elizabeth G. MD, MPH1; Trussell, James PhD2; Polis, Chelsea B, Obstetrics And Gynecology: January 2007 - Volume 109 - Issue 1 - pp 181-188, (www).
ce20.   "EC on hand failed to cut pregnancy rates.(WOMEN'S HEALTH)(emergency contraception)(Clinical report)", Worcester, Sharon , Family Practice News, April 1, 2010, (www).
ce21.   "Morning-after pill use rises in US",, Feb 14, 2013, (www).
ce22.   "Emergency Contraception Fails to Reduce Unintended Pregnancy and Abortion",, (www).

Contraception-Sexual Health

cs1.     “Birth Control and Christian Discipleship”, Kippley, John, CCL, May, 2001, (www).
cs2.     “In the service to the gospel of life: Male-female complimentarity”, Haas, John, A Conference on Christian Sexuality: an examination of the ‘Theology of the Body’", July, 18-20, 2002, (www).
cs3.     “Adolescent Sexuality: A Review of the role of the School, parents and the Medical Profession”, The Linacre Quarterly, Catholic Medical Association, Feb 2002, Vol. 69, N.1.
cs4.     Effects of Contraception on Personal Relationships, Human Life International, (www).
cs5.     "Won't safe sex protect you from getting an STD?", (www).
cs6.     "Aha, Call it revenge of the church ladies", Mattox Jr., William R., USA Today, Feb 12, 1999, (www).
cs7.     Sex has a Price Tag, Stenzel, Pam,(www).
cs8.     "The Truth about Gardasil", Thaddeus M. Baklinski, interview with Dr. Diane Harper-director of the Gynecologic Cancer Prevention Research Group at the University of Missouri, October 28, 2009,, (www).
cs9.     "Judicial Watch Uncovers Three Deaths Relating to HPV Vaccine", May 02, 2007, (www).
cs10.   "Merck’s HPV Gardasil Vaccine: Risks, Benefits, Marketing – JAMA", original link:, (www).
cs11.   "Marketing HPV VaccineImplications for Adolescent Health and Medical Professionalism", Sheila M. Rothman, PhD; David J. Rothman, PhD, JAMA. August 19, 2009;302(7):781-786, (www).
cs12.   "Genital Shedding of Herpes Simplex Virus Among Symptomatic and Asymptomatic Persons With HSV-2 Infection", Elizabeth Tronstein, MPH Et.Al., JAMA. Oct 13, 2011;305(14):1441-1449, (www).
cs13.   "Social rejection shares somatosensory representations with physical pain", Contributed by Edward E. Smith, February 22, 2011; Ethan Kross Et.Al., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, March 2011, (www).
cs15.   "Chlamydia Screening Among Sexually Active Young Female Enrollees of Health Plans—United States, 2000-2007", MMWR. 2009;58:362-365, JAMA. August 12, 2009;302(6):620-621, reported by; K Ahmed, PhD, S Scholle, DrPH, H Baasiri, MPH, National Committee for Quality Assurance, (www).
cs16.   "Nationally Representative CDC Study Finds 1 in 4 Teenage Girls Has a Sexually Transmitted Disease", CDC, Sara Forhan, M.D., M.P.H, March 11, 2008, (www).
cs17.   "Annual CDC Report Finds High Burden of Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Especially among Women and Racial Minorities", January 13, 2009, (www).
cs18.   "Sex and Consequences", Janice Shaw Crouse, Jan 10, 2007, (www).
cs19.   "Teen Sex Leads to Depression and Drug Use", Janice Shaw Crouse, Concerned Women for America, 2007, (www).
cs20.   "Sex, Drug Use Increase Teen Depression, Suicide, Risky Behavior Should Prompt Further Screening", NIDA News Scan, April 09, 2005, Dr. Denise Hallfors and her colleagues published this study in the October 2004 issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, (www).
cs21.   "U.S. Syphilis Rate Grows for 7th Year in Row-Increase largely driven by new cases among gay, bisexual men CDC reports", Steven Reinberg, 3/12/08, Copyright © 2008 ScoutNews, (www).
cs22.   "CDC: More than 3 Million teenage Girls Have an STI", Sullivan, Michele G., April 1, 2008, International Medical News Group, (www).
cs23.   "More younger children are having sex - survey", Juggie Naran, July 10 2005 at 02:46pm, (www).
cs24.   "Sex at School Increasing, Some Educators Say", Tara Bahrampour and Ian Shapira, Washington Post Staff Writers, Sunday, November 6, 2005, (www).
cs25.   "Study: Sex Abuse Prevalent in Schools", Fox News, June 30, 2004, (www).
cs26.   "Sex is increasingly more hazardous to our health", Amy White, 7/17/2003, STL Today, (www).
cs27.   "Schools and Sex Education: Does It Work?", James W. Stout, Frederick P. Rivara, Pediatrics vol. 83 No. 3 March 1989, (www).
cs28.   "Teens Report Peer Pressure to Have Sex", U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-Kaiser Family Foundation Survey, May 20, 2003, (www).
cs29.   "Contraception Calling-Why Aren't more Women Listening", National Campaign to prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy-2013, (www).
cs31.   "Sex Manifesto Promotes 'Fun' to Youth", Scott Hogenson,, July 7, 2008, (www).
cs32.   "Hayley DiMarco: The New Promiscuous", By The 700 Club,, 7/20/2006, (www).
cs33.   "The Association between Parent, Family, and Peer Religiosity and Teenagers’ Sexual Experience and Contraceptive Use", NATIONAL CAMPAIGN TO PREVENT TEEN PREGNANCY, Number 20 November 2005, (www).
cs34.   "Teen sex is not inevitable", Cal Thomas, 6/1/2001, (www).
cs35.   "Sexual Behavior and Selected Health Measures: Men and Women 15–44 Years of Age, United States, 2002", William D. Mosher, Ph.D. Et.Al., Number 362 + September 15, 2005, (www).
cs36.   "The mass media are an important context for adolescents’ sexual behavior", Kelly Ladin L’Engle, Journal of Adolescent Health 38 (2006) 186–192, (www).
cs37.   "Data Concerning Contraception and Sexuality-points to consider", David Ramsey, M.D., (link).
cs38.   "The Two Become One: The Role of Oxytocin and Vasopression", Physicians for Life, (www).
cs39.   "Adolescent Brain Blamed for Risky Sexual Behavior", SARA FREEMAN, Hospitalist News Digital Network, 12/15/2010, (www).
cs40.   "Virginity's making a comeback, report says", Diane Mapes, contributor, 3/3/2011, (www).
cs41.   "Study showing most teens to be virgins undercuts sex ed advocates, group says", Washington D.C., Jul 11, 2010 / 07:31 am (EWTN News), (www).
cs42.   "At What Age Do Adolescents Become Sexually Active? (Hint: It's Later than You Think)", Carlos Polo , July 22, 2011, Population Research Institute, (www).
cs43.   "Fatherhood could alter men's behavior", Sharon Jayson, USA TODAY, 6/13/2012, (www).
cs44.   "No hooking up, no sex for some coeds", Stephanie Chen, CNN, April 19, 2010, (www).
cs45.   "Delaying Sex Makes Better Relationships, Study Finds", Jeanna Bryner, 28 December 2010, Live Science, (www).
cs46.   "Women on Birth Control Pill May Be Attracted to 'Wrong' Sex Partner", Louise Chang, MD, WEB.MD, Aug. 12, 2008, (www).
cs47.   "Prepregnancy Contraceptive Use Among Teens with Unintended Pregnancies Resulting in Live Births — Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS), 2004–2008", MMWR, January 20, 2012, 61(02);25-29, (www).
cs48.   "Sex: What Do Women (and Men) Really Want?", Theresa Notaré, M.A., United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, (www).
cs49.   "Sex Habits Linked to Early Death, Disability",, Jan. 26, 2005, (www).
cs50.   "Sex Education and Teen Sex", (www).
cs51.   "The impact of sex education on sexual activity, contraceptive use and premarital pregnancy among American teenagers", Marsiglio W, Mott FL., Fam Plann Perspect. 1986 Jul-Aug;18(4):151-62, (www).
cs52.   "Why Risk a Young Life for Sex?", Geraldine Sealey,, 2002, (www).
cs53.   “Fertility, Family Planning and Women’s Health; New Data from the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth”, Abma, J. et al., Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, Report No. 19; Series 23, 1997, (www).
cs54.   "Making Time For A Baby", Nancy Gibbs, Time, Apr. 15, 2002, (www).
cs55.   "Teens Sex Activity Tied to Drink and Drugs", National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia Univeristy-2004 annual report,, Aug 20, 2004, (www).
cs56.   National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia Univeristy-annual reports, (www).
cs57.   "Adolescent sexual health", Patricia J. Sulak, MD, The Journal of family Practice, July 2004, (www).
cs58.   "Darwinism, Contraception, and the Decline of Manhood", Lionel Tiger, The Decline of Males (New York: Golden Books, 1999), Reviewed by Ryan C. MacPherson, September 2008, (www).
cs59.   "Science Finds More To "Chemistry" Than Previously Thought", Eric J. Keroack, M.D., FACOG and John R. Riggs, M.D., May-June 2001, Couple to Couple League Family Foundations.
cs60.   "To the brain the pain of rejection really hurts", Randolph E. Schmid AP Science Writer, March 28, 2011, (www).
cs61.   "Virgin at 18? Here's a Big Payoff!", ‎5‎/‎21‎/‎2005‎ ‎1‎:‎16‎:‎12‎, (www).
cs62.   "Stds Going Undiagnosed in High-Risk Group", ‎Brunk, Doug, September 1, 2010, Family Practice News, COPYRIGHT 2009 International Medical News Group., (www).
cs63.   "STDs increasing among young women; more prevention urged", Christine S. Moyer, Posted Dec. 7, 2009‎,, (www).
cs64.   "Persistent STD rates are a 'major area of concern': chlamydia poses opportunity for impact", ‎Evans, Jeff, Family Practice News, February 1, 2009, COPYRIGHT 2009 International Medical News Group‎, (www).
cs65.   "Teen sex, drugs may be catalyst for depression.(Mental Health)", Mahoney, Diana, ‎Family Practice News, November 15, 2005, (www).
cs66.   "National Survey of American Attitudes on Substance Abuse IX: Teen Dating Practices and Sexual Activity",, August 2004‎, (www).
cs67.   "Virgin at 18? Here's a Big Payoff!", ‎5‎/‎21‎/‎2005‎ ‎1‎:‎16‎:‎12‎, (www).
cs68.   "The effects of sex education on adolescent behavior", ‎Dawson DA.‎, Fam Plann Perspect 1986 Sep-Oct;18(5):242, (www).
cs69.   "Life Begins at Fertilization", ‎(www).
cs70.   "Want a happy marriage? Save sex for 'I do,' new study finds", ‎National Marriage Project, The University of Virginia, "Before 'I Do'", Dr. Galena K. Rhoades, Dr. Scott M. Stanley, (www).


ca1.     "SEX ABSTINENCE PROGRAM A SUCCESS, STUDY FINDS",, Oct 07, 2002, (www).
ca3.     "New Study Finds Abstinence Pays Off in the Long Run", LIFESITENEWS.COM, Fri May 06, 2005, (www).
ca4.     "Abstinence Education", American College of Pediatricians, March 13, 2009-Edited January 28, 2010, (www).
ca5.     "Abstinence. It works every time", Focus on the Family, copyright 1999, Catholic Education Resource Center, (www).
ca6.     "Uganda clearly shows contraceptives not the answer to HIV/AIDS epidemic", Brian Clowes, Oct 11, 2011, Lifesitenews, (www).
ca7.     "Reducing Adolescent Pregnancy Through School and Community-Based Education", Murray L. Vincent, EdD; Andrew F. Clearie, MSPH; Mark D. Schluchter, PhD, JAMA. 1987;257(24):3382-3386, (www).
ca8.     "Can Abstinence Work? An Analysis of the Best Friends Program", Robert Lerner, PhD.,, (www).
ca9.     "Best Friends Results", Best Friends Foundation, (www).
ca10.   "Impact Evaluation of the "Not Me, Not Now" Abstinence-Oriented, Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention Communications Program", Original article authored by: Andrew S. Doniger, Edgar Adams, Cheryl A. Utter, and John S. Riley, 2009, (www).

Death Penalty

dp1.     "Capital punishment", Wikipedia,(www).
dp2.     "6th Amendment to the Constitution", Wikipedia, (www).
dp3.     "Universal Declaration of Human Rights", Wikipedia, (www).           
dp4.     "Killing with Kindness: Why the FDA need not certify drugs used for execution safe and effective", Annas G.J., American J. Public Health, 75:1096-1099, 1985, (www).
dp5.     "The Death Penalty", Theology Library, (www).
dp6.     "The Revenge of Conscience", J. Budziszewski, Copyright (c) 1998 First Things 84 (June/July 1998): 21-27, (www).
dp7.     "Capital Punishment: The Case for Justice", J. Budziszewski,, (www).
dp8.     Pro-Death Penalty articles,, (www).
dp9.     "The Death Penalty: What’s a Catholic to Think?", discussion of National Catholic Register's symposium on the death penalty, Sister Renée Mirkes, O.S.F., Ph.D., (www).
dp10.   "Pope John Paul's Teaching on Capital Punishment", Jim Cosgrove, Register Correspondent, National Catholic Register, Mar 24, 2002, (www).
dp11.   "The Constitution Project", Anti-deatth penalty,, (www).
dp12.   "Lethal injection: a stain on the face of medicine", BMJ 2002;325:1026, (www).
dp13.   "Physician participation in capital punishment", American Medical Association, (www).
dp14.   "Opinion 2.06 - Capital Punishment", American Medical Association, (www).
dp15.   "Studies Say Death Penalty Deters Crime", ROBERT TANNER, The Associated Press , June 11, 2007, The Washington Post, (www).
dp16.   "U.S. sees 200th DNA conviction reversal", Apr 23, 2007, (www).
dp17.   "New Jersey man to be released after nearly two decades in prison", Innocence Project, May 15, 2007, (www).
dp18.   "Should DNA results lead to new trials? ", Warren Richey, Staff writer of The Christian Science Monitor, January 11, 2006, (www).
dp19.   "Capital Punishment - The Pope's Position", EWTN, 2002, (www).
dp20.   "Strong Vatican support for death-penalty abolition", February 07, 2007,, (www).
dp21.   "SUPPORT FOR DEATH PENALTY STILL VERY STRONG", Humphrzey Taylor, jan 7, 2004, Harris Interactive, (www).
dp22.   "Public Attitudes Toward Capital Punishment-Capital Punishment: Cruel and Unusual?",, 2008, (www).

Embryo Vaccines

ev1.     "Aborted Fetal Cell Line Vaccines And The Catholic Family-A Moral Perspective", Debra L. Vinnedge, 2003, 103 pages, (www).
ev2.     "Moral Reflections on Vaccines Prepared from Cells Derived from Aborted Human Fetuses", letter to Mrs. Debra Vinnedge, executive director, Children of God for Life, from Bishop Elio Sgreccia, president of the Pontifical Academy for Life, June 9, 2005, (www) Full text of that dialogue is found at: (www) .
ev3.     "Vaccines from Abortion: The Full Truth", Debra Vinnedge, Celebrate Life, ALL, July-Auguat 2001.
ev4.     "In light of "Virologic Assistance in the Management of German Measles in Pregnancy", JAMA, Oct. 26, 1964, vol. 190, pp. 265-268-Continued Moral Reflections on Vaccines Prepared from Cells Derived from Aborted Human Foetuses, Debra Vinnege,, (www).
ev5.     "Biotech Firm to Provide Alternatives to Vaccines Using Tissue From Abortions", Steven Erteit,, 2/29/2008, (www).
ev6.     "Immunity from Evil? Vaccines Derived from Abortions", Jameson Taylor, Lay Witness Jan/Feb 2003, Catholics United for the Faith, (www).
ev7.     "The Campaign for Ethical Vaccines and Medicines", Children of God for Life, (www).
ev8.     "Is aborted fetal DNA linked to autism?", Theresa A. Deisher, Ph.D., August 12, 2009, ALL-Judy Brown, (www).
ev9.     "Autism: Study Confirms Increased Rates Correlate with Use of Aborted Fetal Cells", Aaron Turpen, Natural, May 01, 2010, (www).
ev10.   "Study Suggests Link Between Autism and Use of Cells From Abortions in Vaccines", Steven Ertelt, WASHINGTON, DC, LIFENEWS.COM, 4/21/10, (www).
ev11.   "Government asked to sanction foetus sale", Eugene Bingham, New Zealand Herald, May 24, 2003, (www).
ev12.   "Medicine's Holy Grail is no soft cell", Eugene Bingham, New Zealand Herald, May 17, 2003, (www).
ev13.   "Australia, Foetal tissue for overseas sale", Tony Wall, Herald Sun, June 10, 2003, (www).
ev14.   "Rubella", Emeritus Prof JE Banatvala FRCPath, Et.Al., The Lancet, Volume 363, Issue 9415, Pages 1127 - 1137, 3 April 2004, (www).

End of Life Issues

el1.     "Tube Feeding in Patients With Advanced Dementia", Drs. Finucane, Christmas, Travis, JAMA, Oct. 13, 1999, Vol. 282, No.14,1365-1370, (www).
el2.     "Dignity-Conserving Care", Harvey Max Chochinov, JAMA, May 1, 2002, 287, #17, (www) and (www).
el3.     "Do not resuscitate decisions: flogging dead horses or a dignified death?", Shah Ebrahim, BMJ, 2000;1155-56(29 April), (www).
el4.     "Sedation, alimentation, hydration, and equivocation: careful conversation about care at the end of life", Jansen LA, Et Al, Ann Intern Med., 2002; 136:845-9, (www).
el5.     "The Supreme Court and physician assisted suicide-rejecting assisted suicide but embracing euthanasia", Orentlicher D, NEJM, 1997;337:1236-9, (www).
el6.     "Canadians Euthanasia Activists Hijacking Palliative Care?", Ottawa, Apr. 12, 2001,,,
el7.     "Increased Risk of Death in Patients with Do-Not-Resuscitate Orders", Shepardson LB, Youngner SJ, Speroff T, Rosenthal GE, Dept. of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Case Western Reserve U. School of Medicine, Cleveland, Oh, USA, (www).
el8.     "Process of care and mortality of stroke patients with and without a do not resuscitate order in the West Midlands", Mohammed M, Mant J, Bentham L, Stevens A, Hussain S, UK, U. of Birmingham, UK, Sept. 10, 2005, (www).
el9.     "Scale of levels of care versus DNR orders", Vanpee D, Swine C, J. of Medical Ethics, 2004;30:351-52, (www).
el10.   "Hospital Usage of Early Do-Not-Resuscitate Orders and Outcome After Intracerebral Hemorrhage", J. Claude Hemphill, III, MD Et Al, Dept. of Neurology, U. of California, San Francisco, Calif., Sutter Health Institute for Research and Education, 1999-2000, (www).
el11.   "The Rise and Fall of the Futility Movement", Drs. Helft R., Siegler M, Lantos J, NEJM, Vol. 343:293-96, July 27, 2000, No.4, (www).
el12.   "Sedation for intractable distress in the dying", Chater S, Et Al, Palliat Med., 1998; 12:255-69, (www).
el14.   "Do patient's ethnic and social factors influence the use of do-not-resuscitate orders?", Thompson BL, Et Al, Ethnicity Did, 1999, 9:132-39, (www).
el15.   North Carolina Healthcare Power of Attorney, (www).
el16.   Advanced directives addresses for other states,(www)
el17.   "Evaluation of Prognostic Criteria for Determining Hospice Eligibility in Patients With Advanced Lung, Heart, or Liver Disease", Ellen Fox, MD, Et Al, JAMA, Nov. 3, 1999, Vol. 282, No.17, pp1638-45, (www).
el18.   "On Feeding the Dying", Daniel Callahan, The Hastings Center Report, Vol. 13, Oct, 1983.
el19.   "Responding to intractable suffering", Yanow ML, Ann Intern Med., 2000;133:560, (www).
el20.   "Images of death haunt feeding decision",Lisa Greene, St. Petersburg Times, Oct. 26, 2003, (www).
el21.   "Why we don't Starve Humans: An Interview with Dr. Chris Kahlenborn", Tim Drake,, (www).
el22.   "Slow euthanasia", Billings JA, Et Al, J Palliat Care, 1996; 12:21-30.
el23.   "Nutrition and Hydration: Moral Considerations", Statement of the Catholic Bishops of Pennsylvania, 2001, (www).
el24.   "Is Hospice going beyond end-of-life care?", Judy Roberts, National Catholic Register, 2/17/2006 (www).
el25.   "Kissing Hospice Goodbye", Sandra G. Boodman, The Washington Post, Oct. 3, 2006, (www).
el26.   "Most States Don't Require Doctors to Honor Advance Directives", Report from the Robert Powsell Center for Medical Ethics, April 15, 2005,(www).
el27.   "Wisconsin bill lets advance directives be ignored", Andis Robeznieks, American Medical News, April 5, 2004, p.18.
el28.   "More Hospitals Deny End-of-Life Care", Physicians Financial News, March 15, 2003, p.47.
el30.   "Persistent Vegetative State After Brain Damage", Bryan Jennett, MD, Fred Plum, MD, The Lancet, April 1, 1972, pp.734-37, (www).
el31.   "Misdiagnosis of the Vegetative state: retrospective study in a rehabilitation unit", Keith Andrews, Et Al, The British Medical Journal, 1996, 313:13-16 (6 July), (www).
el32.   "fMRI reveals large-scale network activation in minimally conscious patients", Schiff,N D., MD, Et Al, Neurology, Vol. 64(3), 8 Feb., 2005, pp. 514-23, (www).
el33.   "Detecting Awareness in the Vegetative State", Adrian M. Owen, MD, Et Al, Science, 9/8/06, p.1402, (www).
el34.   "Zolpidem appears an effective drug to restore brain function to some patients in then permanent vegetative state", Walley Nel, MD, Et Al, NeuroRehabilitation, 5/31/06, pp.23-28, (www)and(www).
el35.   "Practice parameters: Assessment and management of patients in the perisitent vegetative state (Summary statement)", Report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology, Neurology, Vol. 45(5), May, 1995, pp.1015-18, (www).
el36.   "Persistent vegetative state and the right to die: the United States and Britain", Bryan Jennett, MD, Et Al, The British Medical Journal, Vol. 302, 25 May, 1991, pp.1256-58, (www).
el37.   "Medical Aspects of the Persistent Vegetative State-Two Parts", The Multi-Society Task Force on PVS, NEJM, Vol. 330:1572-79, June 2, 1994, No. 22, (www-Part 1)and(www-Part 2).
el38.   "Continuous deep sedation for patients nearing death in the Netherlands: descriptive study",Judith Rietjens,, (www).
el39.   "End-of-Life Practices in European Intensive Care UnitsEnd-of-Life Practices in European Intensive Care Units", Alberto Giannini, M.D., JAMA. 2003;290(22):2938-2940, (www).
el40.   "End of Life Care: The Ventilator", Paul A. Byrne, M.D., October 14, 2005, ALL, (www).
el41.   "Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy: clinical care of PEG tubes in older adults.(Long-term care)", Roche, Vivyenne, Geriatrics, November 1, 2003, (www).
el42.   "Responses Concerning Artificial Alimentation", Vatican Information Service, September 15, 2007, (www).
el43.   "Ethical Issues in End-of-Life Geriatric Care: The Approach of Three Monotheistic Religions—Judaism, Catholicism, and Islam", A. Mark Clarfield, M.D. Et.Al., American Geriatrics Society, August 2003, Volume 51, Issue 8 Pages 1053–1192, (www).
el44.   "UK Court Rules Doctors May Withdraw Life-Sustaining Food and Water",, Jul 28, 2005, (www).
el45.   "Not Letting Dad Die", Brain Caulfield, Catholic Pulse-Headline Bistro, (www).
el46.   "End-of-Life Decisions", EWTN, (www).
el47.   "Opinion 2.20 - Withholding or Withdrawing Life-Sustaining Medical Treatment", American Medical Association, (www).
el48.   "Survival Prediction in Terminally Ill Cancer Patients by Clinical Estimates, Laboratory Tests, and Self-Rated Anxiety and Depression", Stephan Gripp Et.Al., J. Clinical Oncology 2007;25:3313-3320, (www).
el49.   "Sentenced to death on the NHS", Kate Devlin, Medical Correspondent,, 02 Sep 2009, (www).
el50.   "How I helped a "terminal patient cheat death", Block, Mary Ann, Medical Economics, April 14, 1997, (www).
el51.   "Cerebral palsy patients cite positive quality of life.(Behavioral Pediatrics)", Meeting American Academy Cerebral Palsy and Developmental Medicine, October 1, 2006, (www).
el52.   "We should Be Uneasy About Terminal Extubation", Kenneth Prager M.D.,
el53.   "Doctors face prison for denying right to die", STEVE DOUGHTY, Daily Mail, 17 November 2006, (www).
el54.   "Brain scan detects signs of awareness in vegetative-state patient", Lauran Neergaard, The Associated Press, 9/7/2006, (www).
el55.   "Study: Vegetative Brains Show Signs of Awareness", Stephanie Nano, February 04, 2010, Associated Press, (www).
el56.   "Human Dignity in the 'Vegetative' State", Richard M. Doerflinger, USCCB,
el57.   "Life Sustaining treatments and the Vegetative State", John Paul II, Saturday, 20 March 2004, (www).
el58.   "Coma woman woken by husband's 'rollicking' as doctors were about to switch off life-support machine", DailyMail, 23 February 2008,
el59.   "Husband Celebrates Miracle as 'Brain Dead' Wife Wakes Up in Hospital", NewsCore, Australia, May 11, 2011, (www).
el60.   "Brain-damaged woman speaks after 2 years", Associated Press, 5/12/2005, (www).
el61.   "Firefighter awakens from decade of silence", Reuters, May 4, 2005, (www).
el62.   "Vegetative man tells doctors ‘I’m not in pain’ via MRI communication", Eric Pfeiffer, Yahoo! News, Nov 13, 2012, (www).
el63.   "'I screamed, but there was nothing to hear': Man trapped in 23-year 'coma' reveals horror of being unable to tell doctors he was conscious", Allan Hall, DailyMail, 23 November 2009, (www).
el64.   "Boy in “Hopeless” Vegetative State Awakens and Steadily Improves", Hilary White,, Oct 10, 2006, (www).
el65.   "Colorado Woman Wakes Up After Nearly Seven Years In Coma", CBS News, March 2007, (www).
el66.   "Husband Celebrates Miracle as ‘Brain Dead’ Wife Wakes Up in Hospital", Newscore, DARWIN, Australia, (www).
el67.   "Brain-injured man speaks after 6 years", Malcolm Ritter, Associated Press, 8/1/2007, (www).
el68.   "Battle over futile care erupts in Texas", Kevin B. O'Reilly, amednews staff, May 14, 2007, (www).
el69.   "Will Your Advanced Care Directives Be followed?", ROBERT POWELL CENTER FOR MEDICAL ETHICS OF THE NATIONAL RIGHT TO LIFE COMMITTEE, MAY 2007, (www).
el70.   "Abuse of Futility—Reply", J. Randall Curtis, Et.Al., Arch Intern Med. 2001;161(1):128-130, (www).
el71.   "Wesley Smith: Futile care duty to die may be coming to a hospital near you", Wesley Smith, The Daily Caller Opinion, May 11, 2012, (www).
el72.   "Study: Doctors out of sync with cancer patients' wishes", Liz Szabo, USA TODAY, 1/22/2007,
el73.   "Palliative Options at the End of Life", Richard Letvak, MD, JAMA. 1998;279(14):1065-1067, (www).
el74.   "Emerging Ethical Issues in Palliative Care", Edmund D. Pellegrino, MD, JAMA. 1998;279(19):1521-1522, (www).
el75.   "Early palliative care lengthens survival for lung cancer patients", Kevin B. O'Reilly, amednews staff, Sept. 6, 2010, (www).
el76.   "Do-Not-Resuscitate Orders in Patients with COPD and Depression or Other Mood Disorders", Cletus U. Iwuagwu, MD, CMD, and Mukaila A. Raji, MD, MSc, Clinical Geriatrics, August 2008, (www).
el77.   "Hospice Philosophy in Late-Stage Cancer Care", Melvin J. Krant, MD, JAMA. 1981;245(10):1061-1062, (www).
el78.   "Preliminary Guide to the Charles W. Bodemer Papers 1824-1984", (www).
el79.   "The Ethics of Terminal Care", Harold Y. Vanderpool, PhD, JAMA. 1978;239(9):850-852, (www).
el80.   "Why Catholics Should Avoid Secular Living Wills", Deborah Sturm, Zenit, November 11, 2005,
el81.   "Treatment of Alzheimer Disease and Prognosis of Dementia", Kristine Yaffe, MD , JAMA. 2010;304(17):1952-1953, (www).
el82.   "Rethinking Hospice Eligibility Criteria", David J. Casarett, MD, MA, JAMA. 2011;305(10):1031-1032, (www).
el83.   "Prediction of 6-Month Survival of Nursing Home Residents With Advanced Dementia Using ADEPT vs Hospice Eligibility Guidelines", Susan L. Mitchell, MD, MPHEt.Al., JAMA. 2010;304(17):1929-1935, (www).
el84.   "Minority patients less interested in hospice care", Kevin B. O'Reilly, amednews staff, July 9, 2012, (www).
el85.   "History of Hospice Care", National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization, (www).
el86.   "Pro-life hospice care", Matt C. Abbott, RenewAmerica, April 2, 2011, (www).
el87.   "The Evolution of Advance Directives", Douglas B. White, MD, MAS; Robert M. Arnold, MD, JAMA. 2011;306(13):1485-1486, (www).
el89.   "Regional Variation in the Association Between Advance Directives and End-of-Life Medicare Expenditures", Lauren Hersch Nicholas, PhD, MPP Et.Al., JAMA. 2011;306(13):1447-1453, (www).
el90.   "Principles for allocation of scarce medical interventions", Govind Persad BS a, Alan Wertheimer PhD a, Ezekiel J Emanuel MD, The Lancet, Volume 373, Issue 9661, Pages 423 - 431, 31 January 2009, (www).
el91.   "Hospice care delivers Hemlock nightcap", Debra Vinnedge, Children of God for Life,, (www).
el92.   "Veterans Administration’s ‘Death Book’", Jim Towey, Wall Street Journal, August 18,2009, (www).
el93.   "When living wills become health hazards", Ferdinando L, Mirarchi, DO, Medical Economics, Dec. 6, 2006, (www).
el94.   "Five Wishes", (www).
el95.   "Critique of Five Wishes", unfortunately-unavailable without subscription, (www).
el96.   "Health care Proxy", EWTN, National Catholic Bioethics Center, (www).
el97.   "Advance Directives", EWTN, National Catholic Bioethics Center, (www).
el98.   "Advance Directives-Living Wills-Durable Power of Attorney", Patient's Rights Council, (www).
el99.   "Controversies about brain death", Franklin G. Miller, PhD; Robert D. Truog, MD, JAMA. 2009;302(4):380-382, (www).
el100"To Peg or not to Peg", Cervo, Frank A.; Bryan, Leslie; Farber, Sharon, Geriatrics, June 1, 2006, (www).
el101"Severed Trust", American Program Bureau, (www).
el102"Study: “Significant Number” of Patients Wrongly Diagnosed as in “Vegetative” State", Dave Andrusko, Washington, DC,, 4/17/14, (www).
el103"Diagnostic precision of PET imaging and functional MRI in disorders of consciousness: a clinical validation study", Steven Laureys PhD,Et.Al, The Lancet, Early Online Publication, 16 April 2014, doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(14)60042-8, (www).


eu1.     "Views on Physician-assisted Suicide", Family Practice News, 4/1/2005, (www).
eu2.     "Medical Science Under Dictatorship", Alexander L., NEJM, 241:39-47, 1949, (www).
eu3.     "Chain of Suicide clinics planned", Daniel Foggo, The Sunday Times, 4/16/2006, (www).
eu4.     "Responding to Requests for Physician-Assisted Suicide", Paul B. Bascom MD, Susan W. Tolle MD, JAMA, July 3, 2002, Vol. 288, No.1, pp.91-98, (www).
eu5.     "Physician-Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia in the Netherlands-Lessons from the Dutch", Herbert Hendin MD, JAMA, June 4, 1997, No. 21, pp. 1720-22, (www).
eu6.     "Terminal Sedation: An Acceptable Exit Strategy?", Muriel R. Gillick, MD, Annals of Internal Medicine, August 3, 2004, Vol. 141, Issue 3, pp.236-237, (www).
eu7.     "Physician reports of terminal sedation without hydration or nutrition for patients nearing death in the Netherlands", Rietjens JA, Et Al, Ann Intern Med., 2004;141:178-85, (www).
eu8.     "Doctor, Thou Shall Not Kill", Watson R.A., Linacre Quarterly, 65:23-47, 1998,
eu9.     "Physician-Assisted Suicide: reflection on Oregon's First Case", Hendin H., Foley K., White M., Issues Law Med 14:243, 1998, (www).
eu10.   "Terminal sedation, self-starvation, and orchestrating the end of life", Loewy EH, Arch Intern Med., 2001;161:329-32, (www).
eu11.   "Legalized physician-assisted suicide in Oregon--the first year's experience", Chin A.E., Hedberg K., Higginson G.K., et al, NEJM, 34:577,1999, (www).
eu12.   "Voluntary euthanasia under control? Further empirical evidence from the Netherlands", Jochemsen H., Keown J., J. Med Ethics 25:16, 1999, (www).
eu13.   "Doctors Must Not Kill", Pellegrino E MD, J. JAMA. 1988 Apr 8;259(14):2139-40., (www).
eu14.   "Euthanasia in Holland - The Truth!", Remmelink Report, International Task Force on Euthanasia and Assited Suicide, (www) .
eu15.   "Assisted Dying for the Terminally Ill Bill, Vol. II: Evidence", House of Lord's Report, 4/4/05,pp.334-347, (www).
eu16.   "Humanity is dwtermined by how we care for the helpless, not how we kill them", David Ramsey, M.D., Asheville Citizen-/times, Guest Commentary, A11, May 15, 2002.
eu17.   "Epidemic: Euthanasia Deaths Increase 25 Percent in Belgium", Alex Schadenberg, Brussels, Belgium,, 3/3/13, (www).
eu18.   "Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide in the Netherlands", Herbert Hendon M.D., American Foundation for Suicide Prevention, New York, NY 10005, N Engl J Med 1997; 336:1385-1387May 8, 1997, (www).
eu19.   "Euthanasia in the Netherlands - down the slippery slope ?", Raanan Gillon-Imperial College School ofMedicine, University ofLondon, Journal of Medical Ethics 1999;25:3-4, (www).
eu21.   "Active Euthanasia in the Netherlands", M.A.M. de Wachter, PhD., JAMA. 1989;262(23):3316-3319, (www).
eu22.   "Euthanasia regularly practiced in Colombia", Associated Press, 7/31/2005, NBCNews, (www).
eu24.   "M.D.-assisted death acceptable when hospice fails, expert says", Jody A. Charnow, Ammerican Academy Of Family Physicians, Medical GTribune, Oct. 9, 1997.
eu25.   "Euthanasia: An Unbiased Decision?", MD Shimon M. Glick, The American Journal Of Medicine, March 1997, Vol. 102 PP. 294-96., (www).
eu26.   "Dutch minister favours suicide pill",, April 14, 2001, (www).
eu27.   "Report: Nazis used hospitals for killings", 2003-10-01 , (www).
eu28.   "Catholic Doctors Criticize Nonconsensual Euthanasia of Children in Holland", September 03, 2004 , (www).
eu29.   "British Doctors Use Euthanasia to Kill Nearly 3,000 Patients", Steven Ertelt, WASHINGTON, DC, LIFENEWS.COM, 1/17/06, (www).
eu30.   "Man Set to Be Euthanized Regains Consciousness", Doug Huntington, Christian Post Reporter, June 28, 2007, (www).
eu31.   "Death's door in the Netherlands", Cal Thomas, Jewish World Review, April 18, 2001, (www).
eu32.   "I helped patients die, says doctor cleared of murder",, Saturday 19 June 2010, (www).
eu33.   "Depression Care Effort Brings Dramatic Drop in Large HMO Population’s Suicide Rate", Tracy Hampton, PhD, JAMA. 2010;303(19):1903-1905, (www).
eu34.   "Infant Euthanasia Practiced in North Korea on Disabled Children", Hilary White, Lifesite News, Oct. 16, 2006, (www).
eu35.   "Quebec government will propose bill to legalize euthanasia by summer", Patrick B. Craine, Wed Jan 16, 2013, (www).
eu36.   "Doctors admit to practising 'slow euthanasia' on terminally-ill patients", Daniel Martin, DailyMail, 28 October 2009, (www).
eu37.   "An Oxymoron and an unlicensed doctor"-letter to the editor on Dr. Jack Kevorkian, David Ramsey, M.D., Hospital Medicine, May 1999, pp. 13-14.
eu38.   "DNR: Did Helen still want to die?", Christie Murphy, DO, Medical Economics, May 24, 2002, (www).
eu39.   "Patient-Physician Discussions About Physician-Assisted Suicide", Lauris C. Kaldjian, MD, JAMA. 2001;286(7):788-789,
eu40.   "Is physician-assisted suicide ever acceptable?"-It's never acceptable, reply by Kathleen Foley, M.D.,, June 1, 2007, (www).
eu41.   "An assisted suicide kills more than one victim", Jose A. Bufill, M.D., The Brass Tack,
eu42.   "Zurich hospital rejects assisted suicide",, March 8, 2007, (www).
eu43.   "Swiss hospital allows assisted suicide January 03, 2006", Catholic World News, (www).
eu44.   "Study Shows Oregon Assisted Suicides Not Result of Pain or Suffering", Jennifer Popik, J.D., NRL News, Page 21, April 2008, Volume 35, Issue 4, (www).
eu45.   "Euthanasia Advocate Develops Homemade Suicide Pill to Kill Patients", Steven Ertelt, WASHINGTON, DC, LIFENEWS.COM, 9/11/06, (www).
eu46.   "Death and Dignity — A Case of Individualized Decision Making", Timothy E. Quill, M.D., N Engl J Med March 7, 1991; 324:691-694, (www).
eu47.   "Old Age and New Policy", Daniel Callahan, JAMA Feb. 10, 1989, Vol. 261, No. 6, pp. 905-906, (www).
eu48.   "AMA-Ethics Opinion 2.211-Physician-Assisted Suicide", (www).
eu49.   "Belgium Parliament passes law allowing children to be euthanized", Peter Baklinski, LifeSiteNews, Thu Feb 13, 2014, (www).

In-Vitro Fertilization

iv1.     "Birth defects more common in IVF babies", Fox News, 4/20/2012, (www).
iv2.     "Assisted Reproductive Technologies are Anti-Woman", Marie Anderson, M.D., FACOG and John Bruchalski, M.D., USCCB, Conf. Pro-life Activities, (www).
iv3.     "Women's Health: Consequences of Human Egg Donation", Dr. Pia de Solenni, testimony before the Massachusetts State Legislature's Joint Commitee on Economic Development and Emerging Technologies, Feb. 16, 2005,(www).
iv4.     “Assisted Reproductive Technology Surveillance-United States, 2000”, Wright, V.C. et al., Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Aug. 29, 2003; vol. 52, no. ss-9, (www).
iv5.     "IVF Linked To Birth Defects", BBC News, Tuesday, 12 September, 2000, (www).
iv6.     Side effects of Clomid include congenital defects, mood swings, breast tenderness, bloating, stomach pain, severe dizziness, and blurred vision,, Physician’s Desk Reference (PDR), (www).
iv7.     "Characteristics Relating to Ovarian Cancer Risk: Collaborative Analysis of 12 US Case-Control Studies: I. Methods", Whitmore, Et Al, American Journal of Epidemiology, 136: 1175-1220, 1992, (www).
iv8.     "Infertility drugs and the risk of breast cancer: findings from the National Institutes of Child Health and Human Development Women’s Contraceptive and Reproductive Experiences", Burkman, Ronald et al., Fertility and Sterility. Study, Vol. 79, No. 4, 844-851, April 2003, (www).
iv9.     Lupron is a category X medication-associated with proven fetal abnormalities,, Physicians Desk Reference (PDR), (www).
iv10.   "Association of In Vitro Fertilization with Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome and Epigenetic Alterations of LIT1 and H19", Debaun, Et Al, American Journal of Human Genetics, 72:156-160, 2003, (www).
iv11.   “Iatrogenic Multiple Pregnancy: Clinical Implications”, Blickenstein I., Keith L.G., (eds.), London: Parthenon Publishing, 2000, (www).
iv12.   "High rates of embryo wastage with use of assisted reproductive technology: a look at the trends between 1995 and 2001 in the United States", Patrizio, Pasquale, M.D., Fertility and Sterility, Vol. 84, No. 2, 325-330 (August 2005), (www).
iv13.   “Low and Very Low Birth Weight Infants Conceived with Use of Assisted Reproductive Technology”, Schieve, Laura A. Ph D. et al., NEJM, Vol. 346:731-737, N0. 10, March 7, 2002, (www).
iv14.   “The Risk of Major Birth Defects after Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection and in Vitro Fertilization”, Hansen, Michele, M.P.H. et al., NEJM, Vol. 346:725-730, No. 10, March 7, 2002, (www).
iv15.   “Researchers ponder best use of 400,000 stored embryos”, Robeznieks, Andis,, June 14, 2003, pp. 15-16, (www).
iv16.   "Donated Eggs Bring Higher Miscarriage Risk", Cha, SunHwa, M.D., Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine study, reported Fox News, June 22, 2005, (www).
iv17.   ‘British Court: in Vitro Embryo for Cure OK’, reported by Outside The Beltway, April 29, 2005, (www).
iv18.   “Cryopreserved Embryos in the United States and Their Availability for Research”, Hoffman, David I., M.D. et al., Fertility and Sterility, May, 2003, (www).
iv19.    “In Vitro Fertilization Undermines Human Dignity”,Brown, Judie, Celebrate Life, Oct. 12, 2005, (www).
iv20.   “Conception For Donation”, Fost, Norman C., M.D., MPH, JAMA, May 5, 2004, Vol. 291, No. 17, pp. 2125-2126, (www).
iv21.   "Neurological sequelae in children born after in-vitro fertilisation: a population-based study", Dr B Strömberg MD, Et.Al., The Lancet, Volume 359, Issue 9305, Pages 461 - 465, 9 February 2002, (www).
iv22.   "Higher rate of major birth defects seen in ART infants: retrospective cohort study: attributed to parents' underlying infertility", Dr. Christine Olson, annual meeting of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, 2003,(www).
iv23.   "A Law's Fetal Flaw", Boyce, Nell, July 2003, U.S. News and World Report; 7/21/2003, Vol. 135 Issue 2, p48, (www).
iv24.   "Increase in Egg Donors Raises Concerns", MARTHA IRVINE, The Washington Post, The Associated Press, Monday, February 19, 2007, (www).
iv25.   "State plan to pay for eggs used in research called 'grossly unethical'", Catholic News Service, Jun-19-2009, (www).
iv26.   "Woman sells her eggs on net to pay off £15,000 credit card debts", DailyMail, Thursday, November 02, 2006, (www).
iv27.   "Debate arises over paying for eggs for research", Kevin B. O'Reilly, amednews, June 26, 2006, (www).
iv28.   "Human Eggs As Currency?", Terry Vanderheyden,, Thu Jul 27, 2006, (www).
iv29.   "IVF Treatment Linked to Ovarian Cancer Risk", Sheela Philomena, AM Cancer News, October 27, 2011 at 10:23, (www).
iv30.   "IVF Appears to Increase Risk of Ovarian Cancer", JANE SALODOF MACNEIL, FamilyPracticenews, 3/1/2009, (www).
iv31.   "Effect of age on decisions about the numbers of embryos to transfer in assisted conception: a prospective study", Dr. Nelson, Dr. Lawlor, The Lancet, Volume 379, Issue 9815, Pages 521 - 527, 11 February 2012, (www).
iv32.   "The Immorality of In vitro Fertilization", John B. Shea, M.D., Canadian Catholic Bioethics Institute, The Lifetree, (www).
iv33.   "Higher rate of major birth defects seen in ART infants: retrospective cohort study: attributed to parents' underlying infertility.", The Free Library, (www).
iv34.   "Association of In Vitro Fertilization with Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome and Epigenetic Alterations of LIT1 and H19", Dr. Andrew Feinberg, Et.Al., Am J Hum Genet. 2003 January; 72(1): 156–160, (www).
iv35.   "Study Findings Suggest over 5.7 Million Embryonic Children Have Died During IVF",, Sep 09, 2005, (www).
iv36.   "Assisted Reproductive Technology and Trends in Low Birthweight—Massachusetts, 1997-2004-'ART disproportionately contributed'", from the CDC, JAMA. 2009;301(21):2205-2206, (www).
iv37.   "THE HIDDEN DANGERS OF IN VITRO FERTILIZATION", Bradley Mattes, MBS, Life Issues Institute-Connector, (www).
iv38.   "Testing embryos and ethics: Where do we draw the line?", Kevin B. O'Reilly, amednews, Feb. 26, 2007, (www).
iv39.   "In Vitro Fertilization May Increase Breast Cancer Risk in Predisposed", KATE JOHNSON, Family Practice News, 12/1/2005, (www).
iv40.   "Ovarian Tumors May Develop Years After Fertility Therapy", Healthday, October 27, 2011, (www).
iv41.   "New Documentary Eggsploitation Reveals the Infertility Industry's Dirty Little Secret", The Center for Bioethics and Culture Network, 2010, The Free Library, (www).
iv42.   "IVF may raise risk of diabetes, hypertension and cancer in later life", Ian Sample, San Diego,, (www).
iv43.   "The Limits Of Science", Chritine Gorman, Time, Monday, Apr. 15, 2002, (www).
iv44.   "Thinking About Donating Your Eggs? Think Again", Jennifer Lahl, The Center for Bioethics and Culture, (www).
iv45.   "A British family has been allowed to use IVF to create a child whose cells could cure a sick sibling", BBC News, 26 February, 2002, (www).
iv46.   "Three-person IVF moves closer in UK", James Gallagher, Health and science reporter, BBC News, 3/21/2013, (www).
iv47.   "Does In Vitro Fertilization Cause Premature Birth?", Cheryl Bird, RN, Updated June 29, 2013, preemies, (www).
iv48.   "Rescuing Frozen Embryos", E. Christian Brugger, March 17, 2010, (www).
iv49.   "World's number of IVF and ICSI babies has now reached a calculated total of 5 million", European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology, July 2, 2012, (www).

Natural Family Planning

nf1.     "Timing of Sexual Intercourse in Relation to Ovulation — Effects on the Probability of Conception, Survival of the Pregnancy, and Sex of the Baby", Allen J. Wilcox, M.D., Ph.D. Et.Al., N Engl J Med 1995; 333:1517-1521, December 7, 1995, (www).
nf2.     "Family Planning, Naturally NFP-only physicians tell their stories", Stephen Vincent National Catholic Reporter, March 12-16, 2006, (www).
nf3.     "Standards for Diocesan Natural Family Planning Ministry", USCCB, (www).
nf4.     "The State of NaProTechnology", Chuck Weber, The Catholic World Report, Feb 2011, (www).
nf5.     "NaProTechnology-the contemporary approach to women's healthcare", (www).
nf6.     "Creighton Model NaProEducation Technology for Avoiding Pregnancy: Use Effectiveness", Thomas W. Hilgers, M.D., and Joseph B. Stanford, M.D., M.S.P.H., J Reprod Med 1998;43:495-502, (www).
nf7.     "The modified mucus method in India.", Dorairaj K., Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1991 Dec;165(6 Pt 2):2066-7., (www).
nf8.     "'Natural family planning': effective birth control supported by the Catholic Church.", R E Ryder, BMJ 1993;307:723, (www).
nf9.     "Natural Family Planning Method As Effective As Contraceptive Pill, New Research Finds", ScienceDaily, Feb. 21, 2007, (www).
nf10.   "Pregnancy Probabilities During Use of the Creighton Model Fertility Care System", Margaret P. Howard, CNFPE; Joseph B. Stanford, MD, MSPH , Arch Fam Med. 1999;8:391-402. , (www).
nf11.   "The effectiveness of a fertility awareness based method to avoid pregnancy in relation to a couple's sexual behaviour during the fertile time: a prospective longitudinal study", P. Frank-Herrmann Et.Al.,Human Reproduction, Volume 22, Issue 5, Pp. 1310-1319., (www).
nf12.   "Nfp Pioneers", Christopher H. Owen, Family Foundations, CCL, July/August 2006.
nf13.   "Natural Family Planning", Institue for Reproductive Health, Georgetown U., (www).
nf15.   "Why Use Natural Family Planning", Jason Adams, Called to Give Life, One More Soul, (www).
nf16.   "Solving The Puzzle Of Natural Family Planning", Charlotte Hayes, Crisis, 2001,, (www).
nf17.   "Agents of Change", Chuck Weber, The Catholic World Report, April 2005, Catholic/, (www).
nf18.   "NFP, Safe, Healthy, Effective", The Couple to Couple League,, (www).
nf19.   "Mobile Fertility Tracking-CycleProGo", Couple to Couple League, (www).
nf20.   "Taking Charge of Your Fertility", Toni Weschler, MPH,,
nf21.   "The Practice of Natural Family Planning Versus the Use of Artificial Birth Control: Family, Sexual and Moral Issues", Mercedes Arzu Wilson,,, (www).
nf22.   "The Natural Family Planning Information Site", (www).
nf23.   "The Effectiveness of Natural Family Planning", Thomas W. McGovern, M.D., adapted from Art of Natural Family Planning-Chapter 13, 1996.
nf24.   "Use of the Billings Ovulation Method", Hanna Klaaus, M.D. Et Al., Ethics and Medics, Feb 2002.
nf25.   "Ovulation Discovery Nothing New Say Top Natural Family Planning Experts", Billings Ovulation Method,, Jul 09, 2003, (www).
nf26.   "Birth Control and NFP: What's the Difference?", Father Frank Pavone, Priests for Life, (www).
nf27.   "Natural Family Planning", Institute for Reproductive Health Georgetown University, (www).
nf28.   "Natural Family Planning", Chapter 22, The Facts Of Life, Human Life International, (www).
nf29.   "The Importance of Fertility Awareness in the assessment of a Woman's Health", Pilar Vigil, M.D., Ph.D Et.Al., Pontifica University Catolica de Chile, Santiago, Chile, Linacre Quarterly, Catholic Medical Association, November, 2012, (www).
nf30.   "New research shows effectiveness of natural family planning method", Catholic News Agency (CNC), London, England, Mar 1, 2007, (www).

Organ Donation-Transplantation

od1.     "Belgian Doctors Boast of Harvesting Organs After Euthanasia", Wesley J. Smith, Washington, DC,, 6/10/11, (www).
od2.     "Organ Harvesting Before “Brain-Death” Increasingly Common, Concerned Doctors Warn", Gudrun Schultz,, Mar 21, 2007, (www).
od3.     "Colorado death ruling chills transplant community", Andis Robeznieks, AMEDNEWS.Com, Oct. 25, 2004, (www).
od4.     "Consent for Organ Donation — Balancing Conflicting Ethical Obligations", Robert D. Truog, M.D., N Engl J Med 2008; 358:1209-1211, (www).
od5.     "Donation after cardiocirculatory death: a call for a moratorium pending full public disclosure and fully informed consent", Ari R Joffe Et.Al., Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 2011, 6:17, (www).
od6.     "The Morality of Organ Transplants-Criteria for Donors, Living and Dead",, June 08, 2011, (www).
od7.     "Death, Dying, and Organ Transplantation: Reconstructing Medical Ethics at the End of Life", Andrew R. Barnosky, DO, MPH, JAMA. 2012;307(16):1754-1755, (www).
od8.     "The Ethics of Organ Transplantation", Armand H. Matheny Antommaria, MD, PhD, JAMA. 2012;308(14):1482-1483, (www).
od9.     "The Erosion of Ethics in Organ Transplantation",, November 14, 2012, (www).
od10.   "Just Before Organ Harvesting, Comatose Patient Recovers", STEVE WEATHERBE, National Catholic Register, 11/15/2012, (www).
od11.   "Religious groups oppose Maryland organ donation bill", Andy Brownfield, The Washington Examiner, January 31, 2013, (www).
od12.   "Executed prisoners are main source of Chinese organ donations", Tania Branigan in Beijing, The Guardian, Wednesday 26 August 2009, (www).
od13.   "Vindication of criticisms of organ donation", Steve Jalsevac, Nov 03, 2011, LifeSiteNews, (www).
od14.   "A Definition of Irreversible Coma", Report of the Ad Hoc Committee of the Harvard Medical School to Examine the Definition of Brain Death", (www).
od15.   "The Dead Donor Rule and Organ Transplantation", Robert D. Truog, M.D., and Franklin G. Miller, Ph.D., N Engl J Med 2008; 359:674-675August 14, 2008, (www).
od16.   "Ethical, Psychosocial, and Public Policy Implications of Procuring Organs From Non—Heart-Beating Cadaver Donors", Stuart J. Youngner, MD, Et. Al., JAMA. 1993;269(21):2769-2774, (www).
od17.   "The Dead Donor Rule", John A. Robertson, "The Dead Donor Rule," Hastings Center Report 29, no. 6 (1999): 6-14, (www).
od18.   "Catholic Teaching regarding the Legitimacy of Neurological Criteria for the Determination of Death ", John M. Haas, PhD, STL, KM, 2011 edition of the National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly published by the National Catholic Bioethics Center, (www).
od19.   "Ethical Issues in the Procurement of Organs Following Cardiac Death: The Pittsburgh Protocol", AMA Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs, (www).
od20.   "Donor after Cardiac Death: What Is the Christian’s Response?", Ferdinand D. Yates Jr., MD, MA, 02/02/2007, (www).
od21.   "Non-Heart-Beating Organ Donation", Nancy Valko, RN, December 07, Voices: Women for Faith and Family, (www).
od23.   "Redefining Death as a Way to Procure More Vital Organs: A Response", Rev. John Tuohey, Ph.D., Director, Providence Center for Health Care Ethics, Providence St. Vincent Medical Center, Portland, OR, (www).
od24.   "Non-Heart-Beating Organ Transplantation Medical and Ethical Issues in Procurement", Roger Herdman, Study Director, John T. Potts, Principal Investigator, INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE, (www).
od25.   "Shock: requiring death before organ donation is unnecessary, say experts", Kathleen Gilbert, Lifesite News, Thu Nov 03, 2011, (www).
od26.   "Donation After Circulatory Death: Burying the Dead Donor Rule", David Rodríguez-Ariasa, Maxwell J. Smithb and Neil M. Lazarc, The American Journal of Bioethics,Volume 11, Issue 8, 2011, pages 36-43, (www).
od27.   "Families of donors misled on death: MDs", Tom Blackwell, National Post, Tuesday, Sept. 14, 2010, (www).
od28.   "Woman declared 'dead' awakens just before doctors harvest her organs",, July 2013, (www).

Population Control

pc1.     “UN Report Challenges Population Bomb Theory”,(www).
pc2.     "Deaths outnumber births in third of counties", Haya El Nasser, USA TODAY, 1/2/2008, (www).
pc3.     "Russian Duma Drafts Bill to Cut Abortions Citing Underpopulation", Steven Ertelt, Moscow, Russia,, 4/25/11, (www).
pc4.  "UN Begins to Consider That The 'Population Explosion' is Over", Report of a meeting of the Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the UN 2002, EWTN News, 3/14/02, (www).
pc5.     "How the UN is Exploiting the Population Issue", Ellen Lukas, Catholicity, September 2003, (www).
pc6.     "The empty Cradle: How Falling Birthrates Threaten World Prosperity and What to do About It", Phillip Longman, The New America Foundation, August 22, 2004, (www).
pc7.     "Debt and the Birth Dearth", Jordan Ballor, Acton Institute, March 30, 2011, (www).
pc8.     "Baby Gap: Germany's Birth Rate Hits Historic Low", Tristana Moore, Time, Berlin, May 23, 2010, (www).
pc9.     "Nearly 1 in 5 older women are going childless", Sharon Jayson, USA TODAY, 6/25/2010, (www).
pc10.   "Over Half of Italian Families Childless: Report", Hilary White, LifeSiteNews, 3/24/2010, (www).
pc11.   "7,000 Unborn Girls Die From Sex-Selection Abortion Daily in India", Gudrun Schultz,, Dec 14, 2006, (www).
pc12.   "India has killed 10 mln girls in 20 years - Renuka Chowdhury", Palash Kumar, Dec 14, 2006, (www).
pc13.   "Russian Abortion Killing and Sterilizing Millions; Demographic Collapse Likely to be Worse than Prev",, Tue Apr 12, 2005, (www).
pc14.   "A world without children a result of worldwide 'demographic death spiral'",Ian Hunter,, Apr 05, 2007, (www).
pc15.   "Japan in the Death Spiral", Brian Clowes, Life Issues Institue, November 16, 2007, (www).
pc16.   "Vatican Cardinal: 'We are realizing the worst prophecies of aging and demographic implosion'",, Jan 31, 2006, (www).
pc17.   "The liberal baby bust", Phillip Longman, USA Today, 3/13/2006, (www).
pc18.   "The Fizzling Population Bomb",, March 12, 2005, (www).
pc19.   "Unlike the "Population Bomb," This One Is for Real",, February 23, 2002, (www).
pc20.   "The Population Dud", AUSTIN RUSE, The Catholic World Report, May 2002, (www).
pc21.   "The Population Bomb That Fizzled", CELESTE MCGOVERN, National Catholic Register, May, 2000, (www).
pc22.   "A childless culture", Anne Marie Owens, National Post February 20, 2006, (www).
pc23.   "Let's Have More Babies!", Paul Johnson,, 04.17.06, (www).
pc24.   "Dying for growth", Jim Yong Kim, Et.Al., (www).
pc25.   "Europe’s ‘baby bust’ signals major change", David R. Sands, The Washington Times, Nov. 24, 2005, (www).
pc27.   "Mexico’s population keeps growing, but at a slower pace", Geo-Mexico, (www).
pc28.   "Western culture: Is it death by fertility rate?", PETER WORTHINGTON, Toronto Sun, December 10, 2006, (www).
pc29.   "U.S. Birth Rate Hits New Low", 29 November 2012, (www).
pc30.   "Low Fertility and Low Economic Growth", Father John Flynn, LC,, October 09, 2011, (www).
pc31.   "Widespread male infertility sweeping the globe", Ethan A. Huff, NaturalNews, (www).
pc32.   "French sperm count 'falls by a third'", Anna--Marie Lever, BBC News, Dec 4 2012, (www).
pc33.   "Baby bust: U.S. births at record low", By Annalyn Kurtz, CNNMoney,, m, (www).

Stem Cells-General

sg1.     "Embryonic Stem Cell Fairy Tales", Jean Swenson, July 27, 2005, (www).
sg2.     "What is apoptosis and why is it important?", A. Renehan, C. Booth, C. Pott, BMJ USA, Vol. 1, June 23,2001, pp. 466-68, (www).
sg3.     "Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation", Perumbeli MD, Medscape Reference, (www).
sg4.     "Stem Cells without Embryos", Reverend Tadeusz Pacholczyk, Catholic Education Resource Center, (www).
sg5.     "Scientists at Embryonic Stem Cell Research Mtg. Admit Failure", Steven Ertelt, Editor, June 23, 2005,(www) .
sg6.     "How to talk to Democrats about Embryonic Stem Cell Research", Eric Pavlat, Crisis, Vol. 24, No. 7, Sept. 2006, (www).
sg7.     "Stem Cell Research, Cloning and Human Embryos", Red Lane Baptist Church, (www).
sg8.     "Adult Stem Cells Heal Fractures", Matthew L. Jimenez, MD, AMA News 4/10/06, (www).
sg9.     "Reprogramming complicates stem cell debate", Alan Boyle, MSNBC, August 10, 2005, (www).
sg10.   "The Ethics of Embryonic Stem Cells--Now and Forever, Cells Without End:", Eric Juengst, PhD, Michael Fossel, PhD, JAMA, Dec. 27, 2000, Vol. 284, No. 24, pp. 3180-84, (www).
sg11.   "Studies: Cord Blood Works Vs. Leukemia", "Outcomes after Transplantation of Cord Blood or Bone Marrow from Unrelated Donors in Adults with Leukemia", NEJM, Nov. 25, 2004, (www).
sg12.   "Stem cells reverse blindness caused by burns", ALICIA CHANG, AP Science Writer,, Jun 23, 2010, (www).
sg13.   "Stem cells help regrow heart tissue in small study", Liz Szabo, USA TODAY, 2/13/2012, (www).
sg14.   "Stem Cell Sources", (www).
sg15.   "Guide to Stem Cells", (www).
sg16.   "Scientists grow mice heart muscle strip that beats",, Oct 15, 2009, (www).
sg17.   "Stem Cell Injection Beats Collagen for Urinary Incontinence (adult autologous stem cells)", PATRICE WENDLING,, 15 January 2007, (www).
sg18.   "Lab Grows Bladders From Cells of Patients", Jeff Donn, The Associated Press, April 4, 2006, (www).
sg19.   "2-year-old girl gets windpipe made from stem cells", Lindsey Tanner, Associated Press, Usa Today, April 30, 2013, (www).
sg20.   "Doctors transplant windpipe with stem cells", AP News, Usa Today, 11/20/2008, (www).
sg21.   "Scientists turn stem cells into neurons", Paul Elias, Associated Press, 1/31/2005, USA Today, (www).
sg22.   "Stem Cells May Repair Damage From MS", ALEX DOMINGUEZ, Associated Press Writer, April 17, 2003,
sg23.   "Stem cells promising for Crohn's-related fistulas.(Digestive Disorders)", Ault, Alicia, Family Practice News, February 15, 2005, (www).
sg24.   "Reprogramming complicates stem cell debate", Alan Boyle Science editor, MSNBC.COM, 8/10/2005 , (www).
sg25.   "Healing not hype: Cord blood stem cell technology", Peter Hollands, Celebrate Life, March-April 2007, (www).
sg26.   "AMNIOTIC CELLS SHOW PROMISE FOR FETAL TISSUE ENGINEERING", Mike Mitka, JAMA. 2001;286(17):2081-2083, (www).
sg27.   "Study: Amniotic Fluid Yields Stem Cells", Paul Elias, The Associated Press, 08 January 2007, (www).
sg28.   "Emerging Stem Cell Therapies", Supplement to the Journal of Family Practice, Oct. 2006, (www).
sg29.   "Stem Cells: New Hope on the Horizon", Julie Marks, Nov. 15 2006, Ivanhoe Health, (www).
sg30.   "Embryonic Stem Cell Research Causes Tumors, New Study Shows", Steven Ertelt, WASHINGTON, DC, LIFENEWS.COM, 10/23/06, (www).
sg31.   "Report: Fetal stem cells trigger tumors in ill boy", Lauran Neergaard, 2/17/2009, (www).
sg32.   "Umbilical Cord Blood Storaage Options", (www), and (www), and (www), and (www).
sg33.   "FSU engineering professor growing bone in a lab", Barry Ray, Florida State Times, April-/May 2006, (www).
sg34.   "'Cost too high' for embryonic stem-cell research, Senate panel told", Nancy Frazier O'Brien, Catholic News Service, 10/1/2004, (www).
sg35.   "Embryonic stem cell fairy tales", Jean Swenson , Minnesota Daily, July 27, 2005, (www).
sg36.   "Nature Issues Corrections on Misleading Embryonic Stem Cell Research Study", Steven Ertelt, Editor, August 31, 2006, (www).
sg37.   "Adult stem cell treatments", Do No Harm-fact sheet, (www).
sg38.   "Geron halting stem cell research, laying off staff", Linda A. Johnson, Associated Press, 11/15/2011, (www).
sg39.   "And after stem cells, what?", Cal Thomas, July 5, 2001, (www).
sg40.   "Why are Catholics Praising the Nobel Prize Stem Cell Technology?", Stacy Trasancos, The American Catholic, October 15th, 2012, (www).
sg41.   "Stem-cell Science When medicine meets moral philosophy", Jonathan Shaw, Harvard Magazine, July-August, 2004, pp.37,38, (www).
sg42.   "Peer Reviewed References of Adult Stem Cell Treatments",, (www).

Stem Cells-Cloning

sc1.     "The Perils of Cloning", Alice Park, Time Magazine, July 2, 2006, (www).
sc2.     "On behalf of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops before the President's Council on Bioethics",Subject: Embryo Research and Related Issues, Richard M. Doerflinger,M.A., Ethics and Medics, June 12, 2003, (www).
sc3.     "Scientists at California University Also Engaging in human Cloning for Research", Steven Ertelt,, June 7, 2006,(www).
sc4.     "Critics slam new cloning research", Sharon Begley, Reuters, NEW YORK, May 15, 2013, (www).
sc5.     "Scientists report first success in cloning human stem cells", Alice Park,, May 15, 2013, (www).
sc6.     "Stanford announces plans to clone human embryos", Elizabeth Wiese, Usa Today, 12/10/2002 , (www).
sc7.     "Maverick medic reveals details of baby cloning experiment", David Adam,, 20 July 2006, (www).
sc8.     "American Scientists Announce Intent to Clone Humans for Research", Mark Adams, Culture of Life Foundation, April 19, 2006,
sc9.     "Scientists use sperm-like cells to make mice", Malcolm Ritter, Associated Press, 7/11/2006, (www).
sc10.   "Shorter Life Span for Cloned Mice", The World in Medicine, JAMA. 2002;287(10):1255, (www).
sc11.   "Early death of mice cloned from somatic cells", Narumi Ogonuki, Et.Al., Nature Genetics 30, 253 - 254 (2002), (www).
sc12.   "Cloned Pigs Produce Healthy Pork?", Amitabh Avasthi, National Geographic News, March 27, 2006, (www).
sc13.   "Death Sentence on Cloning", Dr. Mae-Wan Ho and Prof. Joe Cummins, The Institute of Science in Society, (www).
sc14.   "The Stem Cell Debate: Are Parthenogenic Human Embryos a Solution?", Nancy Jones, The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity, 06/02/2003, (www).
sc15.   "Why not cloning?"-the 'unnatural fruit' from abortion, Cal Thomas, 1/2/2003, (www).
sc16.   "Human pluripotent stem cells without human cloning",, 11/21/2007, (www).
sc17.   "Dolly creator Prof Ian Wilmut shuns cloning", Roger Highfield, UK Telegraph, November 16th, 2007, (www).
sc18.   "Scientists in California say they have produced embryos that are clones of two men using skin cells in step toward stem cell goal", Associated Press, 1/17/2008, (www).
sc19.   "Whole mice created from skin cells", Seth Borenstein Associated Press,, 7/23/2009, (www).
sc20.   "Human Cloning", Dianne N. Irving, M.A., Ph.D., American Life League, (www).
sc21.   "In medical breakthrough, scientists convert human skin cells into embryonic stem cells", Loren Grush, Fox/, May 15, 2013, (www).

Stem Cells-Transhumanism

st1.     "Mythical 'Chimera' Was Associated With Disaster Warning of Genetic Meddling", Michael H. Brown,, www.
st2.     "Animal-Human Hybrids Spark Controversy", Maryann Mott, National Geographic News, January 25, 2005, www.
st3.     "Mice created with human brain cells", Paul Elias, Associated Press, 12/12/2005, www.
st4.     "Stem cell experts seek rabbit-human embryo", Ian Sample, The Guardian, 1/13/2005, www.


wg1.     Historical Atlas of the Twentieth Century, White, Matthew, www.
wg2.     "Genocide Unearthed", Simons, Lewis M., National Geographic, Jan. 2006, PP. 28-35, (www).


rs1.     "Emerging Issues in Palliative Care", Edmund D. Pelligrino, MD, JAMA, May20, 1998, Vol. 279, No. 19, pp.1521-22, (www).
rs2.     Resource Book, Right to Life-Lifespan of Metro Detroit, 2002, (www).
rs3.     "Demographic Bomb-Demography is destiny", also Demographic Winter Video, (www), and (www).
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